Democratic Republic of the Congo
Brazil has had diplomatic relations with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (former Zaire) since 1968. The Embassy of Brazil in Kinshasa was opened in 1972 and the Embassy of the DRC in Brasilia was opened in 1971.
In 2010, the then Foreign Minister Celso Amorim visited Kinshasa. The Brazilian Government announced it would contribute with USD 1 million for mechanisms of redress and access to justice for survivors of sexual violence in the DRC.
In 2011, the 3rd Session of the Brazil-DRC Joint Committee was held in Brasília, after a gap of 25 years since the last meeting. Bilateral initiatives were launched in areas such as agroecology, family farming, human resources training, science, and technology.
Since 2007, Brazil is one of the countries that has accepted most Congolese students in its public Universities, through the Program of Undergraduate Students Exchange (PEC-G). The DRC is one of the countries with the highest number of students benefited with the Merit Scholarship, a program which provides monthly grants to undergraduate students who demonstrate exceptional academic achievement.
In 2013, a rescheduling of DRC’s debt to Brazil was announced by the Brazilian Government.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1968 – Establishment of diplomatic relations
1972 – Inauguration of the Embassy of Brazil in Kinshasa (April)
1972 – Foreign Minister Mario Gibson Barbosa visits the DRC (November)
1972 – Signature of the General Convention on Economic, Commercial, Technical, Scientific and Cultural Cooperation (November)
1973 – Foreign Minister Nguza Bond visits Brasília (February)
1973 – Signature of the Trade Agreement (February)
1973 – Signature of the Technical and Scientific Cooperation Agreement (February)
1973 – Signature of the Protocol for the Establishment of Air Services (February)
1974 – Inauguration of the Embassy of the DRC in Brasilia
1980 – 1st Meeting of the Bilateral Joint Committee in Brasilia
1987 – Mission of authorities of the DRC’s to Brazil (February)
1987 – Signature of the Additional Protocol to the Economic, Commercial, Technical, Scientific, and Cultural Convention, pertinent to the Opening and Exploitation of the Gold Mine D7 Katanga of the ‘Office des Mines d’Or de Kilo-Moto’ (February)
1997 – Brazil deactivates its Embassy in Kinshasa
2004 – Brazil reopens its Embassy in Kinshasa
2005 – Vice-President Jean-Pierre Bemba visits Brazil
2005 – Brazil sends Observation mission to the Congo's constitutional referendum (December)
2006 – The Judge of the Electoral Regional Court of Minas Gerais visits Kinshasa to teach a course on electoral disputes (April)
2006 – Brazil sends observers to the DRC’s general elections (July)
2006 – A Brazilian military mission is sent to the DRC, in order to provide security to the Brazilian Embassy (October)
2006 – Brazil donates 2,950 ballot boxes to the Congolese Government (October)
2006 – The President of the Independent Electoral Commission visits Brazil, during the 1st round of Brazil’s general elections (October)
2007 – The President of the Independent Electoral Commission visits Brazil (May)
2007 – The Coordinator of the EMBRAPA Office in Africa visits the DRC to evaluate technical cooperation possibilities in agriculture (August)
2007 – Mission of the Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC) to the DRC to evaluate possibilities of bilateral technical cooperation (September)
2008 – A mission of three Congolese technicians in the health area is sent to Brazil to receive training in the field of epidemiological surveillance of malaria (July)
2009 – The Minister of Defense, Nelson Jobim, visits the DRC (May)
2009 – The Minister of Mining of the DRC, Victor Kasongo, visits Brazil (May)
2009 – An ABC technician visits Kinshasa to discuss the resumption of technical cooperation with the DRC
2010 – New ABC mission to the DRC, in which a commitment is made to integrate Congolese technicians of the health area in the activities related to the ‘Project of Fight Against Sickle Cell Disease'
2010 – Meeting of the Minister Celso Amorim with the Foreign Minister of the DRC, Alexis Mwamba, in the margins of the 65th Session of the UN General Assembly
2010 – The Brazilian Government devotes USD 1 million to support activities related to the reinforcement of mechanisms of redress and access to justice for survivors of sexual violence in the DRC, through the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (October)
2010 – Minister Celso Amorim visits Kinshasa (November)
2013 – A rescheduling of DRC’s debt to Brazil is announced by the Brazilian Government (May)
2013 – The UN appoints the Brazilian Lieutenant General Carlos Alberto dos Santos Cruz as Force commander of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (May)
2014 – Visit of Minister of Economy and Trade of the DRC, Jean-Paul Nemoyato Begepole, to Salvador (November)
2015 – In Goma, Minister Mauro Vieira holds a working meeting with the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Head of MONUSCO, Martin Kobler. Also meets the Brazilian General Carlos Alberto Santos Cruz, Head of the Military Force of MONUSCO (August 30)