Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Brazil acknowledged the independence of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau in 1974, and was the first country outside the socialist bloc at that time to do so. The Brazilian Embassy in Bissau was opened in that same year. The Embassy of Guinea-Bissau in Brazil was opened in 2011.
Guinea-Bissau is an important partner of Brazil in Africa, with important projects of technical cooperation on a bilateral basis and within the framework of the Community of Portuguese Language Speaking Countries (CPLP). In 1978 Brazil and Guinea-Bissau signed a Technical Cooperation Agreement.
Guinea Bissau is one of the most benefited countries from the Undergraduate Student Scholarship Agreement (PEC-PG) and the Post-Graduate Student Scholarship Agreement (PEC-PG) Programs, which facilitate the enrollment of students from developing countries at Brazilian educational institutions. From 2000 to 2013, 1,336 Guinea-Bissauan students enrolled at Brazilian universities through the PEC-G and 42 through the PEC-PG.
Brazil has headed the Guinea-Bissau Configuration of the Peacebuilding Commission (CPC) of the United Nations since 2007, and it was the first developing country to chair the Configuration of the CPC. The Configuration was important to solve the international crisis resulting from the murder of President Nino Vieira in March 2009. Despite the rupture of the constitutional order in 2012, the CPC continued to work to restore democracy. In 2014, Guinea Bissau held its first general elections after the 2012 military coup.
Chronology of bilateral relations
1974 – Brazil acknowledges the independence of Guinea-Bissau and diplomatic relations are established
1974 – Opening of the Brazilian Embassy in Bissau
1979 – 1st Meeting of the Joint Commission on Bilateral Cooperation
1980 – President Luís Cabral visits Brazil, in the context of the 2nd Meeting of the Joint Commission on Bilateral Cooperation
1983 – President João Baptista Figueiredo visits Bissau, in the context of the 3rd Brazil-Guinea-Bissau Joint Commission
1984 – President João Bernardo Vieira visits Brazil
1989 – President João Bernardo Vieira visits Brazil and attends the meeting of Heads of State of Portuguese Language Speaking Countries
1997 – President João Bernardo Vieira visits Brazil
1999 – Prime-Minister Francisco Fadul visits Brazil
2005 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Guinea-Bissau
2006 – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Guinea-Bissau António Isaac Monteiro visits Brazil
2007 – President João Bernardo Vieira visits Brazil
2010 – President Malam Bacai Sanhá visits Brazil