Brazil and Gabon established diplomatic relations at the end of the 1960s. The Brazilian Embassy in Libreville – the only one from a Latin American country in that capital – was created in 1974. The Embassy of Gabon in Brasilia is the only Gabonese diplomatic representation in Latin America.
In its early years, the relationship was largely driven by the sale of oil from Gabon to Brazil, in the context of the oil crisis of the 1970s. This initial momentum was, however, strongly weakened during the debt crisis of the 1980s.
Since 2000, the bilateral relationship has been deepened through high-level visits and through the creation of cooperation partnerships in subjects such as agriculture and defense.
Chronology of bilateral relations
1972 – Brazilian Foreign Minister, Mario Gibson Barboza, visits Gabon
1974 – Establishment of diplomatic relationes between Brazil and Gabon
1975 – First official visit of President Omar Bongo to Brazil
1976 – Creation of the resident Brazilian Embassy in Libreville
1982 – Creation of the Brazil-Gabon Joint Commission
1983 – Foreign Minister Martin Bongo visits Brazil
1992 – President Omar Bongo participates in the Rio Summit, in Rio de Janeiro
2002 – Visit of President Omar Bongo to Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Bahia
2004 – Visit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation, and la Francophonie, Jean Ping, to participate in the Forum Brazil-Africa and keep bilateral contacts for the follow-up of projects launched during the visit of President Omar Bongo
2004 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Gabon (July)
2006 – Deputy Minister Laure Gondjout (Minister Delegate of Foreign Affairs) visits Brazil to participate in the 2nd Conference of Intellectuals from Africa and the Diaspora in Salvador
2010 –Meeting of Political Consultations Brazil-Gabon in Libreville
2012 – President Ali Bongo Ondimba heads the Gabonese delegation to the Rio+20 Earth Summit