Republic of Benin
In 1960, Brazil recognized the independence of Dahomey (which would later become Benin) and, in 1961, diplomatic relations were established. Despite the historical connection between the two countries, dated back from the slave trade period, bilateral relations would be intensified in the first decade of the 2000’s. The Embassy of Brazil in Cotonou was inaugurated in 2006, at the time of the visit of former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Benin. In the same year, the Embassy of Benin in Brasília was opened.
Cooperation between Brazil and Benin comprises initiatives in culture, health, education, agriculture, and sports. The main bilateral project is the “Support to the Development of the Cotton Industry in C-4 Countries (Benin, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Chad)”, whose implementation is strategic for Benin’s economy.
In 2005, cooperation agreements were signed and a Joint Committee - which has already met in two sessions, in 2009 and 2011. The Benin Cultural Week, in Bahia (2009), contributed to deepen cultural relations between the two countries.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
19th Century – Dahomey sends Ambassadors to independent Brazil
19th Century – Brazilian slaves return to Dahomey and form the community of “agudás”
1960 – Brazil recognizes the independence of Dahomey
1961 – Establishment of diplomatic relations
1972 – In May, Foreign Minister Mario Gibson Barboza visits Benin
1972 – In July 11th, signature of the Technical Cooperation and Cultural Agreement
1980 – The Minister of Planning of Benin, Abou Bakar Baba-Moussa, visits Brazil
1987 – Foreign Minister of Benin, Ambassador Guy Landry Hazoume, visits Brazil
1988 – Inauguration of “House of Benin” in Salvador, with the visit of Foreign Minister Hazoume
1994 – Visit to Brazil of Foreign Minister Robert Dossou, in the event of the III Meeting of the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (ZPCSA)
2005 – In August, Foreign Minister Rogatien Biaou visits Brazil
2005 – In December, creation of the Brazilian Embassy in Cotonou
2006 – In February, President Luiz Inácio Lula visits Benin followed by Minister Celso Amorim; in March, opening of the Brazilian Embassy in Cotonou; the Minister of Industry and Commerce, Moujaïdou Soumanou, visits Brazil; in October, opening of the Embassy of Benin in Brasília
2007 – The Foreign Minister of Benin, Mariam Diallo, visits Brazil; the Minister of Industry and Commerce, Moujaïdou Soumanou visits Brazil; in August, the President of Benin, Boni Yayi visits Brazil; inauguration of the Embassy of Benin
2008 – In September, the Minister of Culture, Juca Ferreira, and the Governor of Bahia, Jaques Wagner, visit Cotonou, Hweda, and Porto Novo
2009 – First Session of the Joint Committee Brazil-Benin, in Cotonou, in March; First Cultural Week of Benin in Brazil, in Salvador, in November
2010 – In October, the Minister of Institutional Relations of Benin, Zakari Baba Body, the Vice-President of the Constitutional Court of Benin, Assiba Afouda, and JudgeYérima Zim, visit Brasília
2013 – The Ministers of Finances, Jonas Gbian, of Transportations and Public Works, Lambert Koty, and Development, Marcel de Souza, visit Brazil