Kingdom of Norway
Relations between Brazil and Norway are cordial, based on shared values and characterized by mutual respect. During the last years, contact between Governments, companies, and individuals from both countries increased, lending new dynamism to the bilateral relations.
Both countries are committed to peace, human rights, and sustainable development, maintaining a political dialogue on issues on the international agenda and co-operating within the framework of the United Nations in matters such as peace and security, democracy, human rights, health, climate change, and sustainable development.
Brazil and Norway have partnerships in the areas of energy, science, technology and education, and environment. A number of agreements in force establish bilateral initiatives in matters such as climate change – including the Norwegian donation of US$ 1 billion to the Amazon Fund –; research and development in oil and gas; aquaculture and fishing resources; economic cooperation; taxation; cooperation among customs administrations; and academic mobility, including the Science without Borders Program.
Brazil has consolidated its position as the largest trade partner of Norway in Latin America. Norway has become Brazil's largest importer. Bilateral trade grew from US$ 385 million, in 2002, to US$ 1.82 billion, in 2014. Among non-European countries, Brazil is the sixth largest exporter to Norway – after China, USA, Canada, South Korea, and Japan.
Norway is a major investor in Brazil. The main sectors in which Norwegian companies operate in Brazil are oil and gas, shipbuilding, maritime services, mining, and production of fertilizers and renewable energies. In Norway, a Brazilian company owns the largest oilseed processer plant in the country.
Bilateral Relations Chronology
1905 – Brazil is one of the first five countries to recognize the independence of the Kingdom of Norway
1967 – State visit of King Olav V to Brazil
1991 – President Fernando Collor de Mello visits Norway
1992 – Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland visits Brazil on the occasion of the Rio-92 Conference
1995 – The Norway-Brazil Chamber of Commerce is established, headquartered in Rio de Janeiro
1998 – Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik visits Brazil
2002 – Vice President Marco Maciel visits Norway
2002 – The Brazil-Norway Chamber of Commerce is established, headquartered in Oslo
2003 – State visit of King Harald V to Brazil. Brazil-Norway Seminar: Peace, Reconciliation and Mediation - New Themes of Foreign Policy (October 7)
2003 – Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik visits Brazil
2007 – The Council of Brazilian Citizens is established in Norway
2007 – State visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Norway
2008 – Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg visits Brazil. A Norwegian contribution to the Amazon Fund is announced
2010 – The President of the Storting, Dag Terje Andersen, and the President of the Sami Parliament, Egil Olli, visit Brazil
2011 – Establishment of the Brazil-Norway Mechanism of Political Consultation
2011 – The Brazil Strategy Paper is published, a document on the Norwegian position on the bilateral relations
2012 – Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg visits Brazil on the occasion of the Rio+20 Conference
2012 – Establishment of the Dialogue on Energy and Task Force for Cooperation in Science, Technology, and Innovation, emphasizing the petroleum and gas productive chain
2016 – Visit to Brasil of the Minister of Petroleum and Energy, Tord Lien, to discuss bilateral cooperation on the petroleum and gas sectors (November)