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Syrian Arabic Republic

siria

 

Estimated at four million people, the community of Syrian origin established in Brazil is an important asset in the bilateral relationship. Diplomatic relations were established in 1945, and the Brazilian Legation in Damascus was opened in 1951 – and elevated to Embassy status in 1961. There are seven bilateral agreements in force, which enable cooperation in the areas of health, agriculture, tourism, sports and culture.

Brazil has reiterated its support for a political solution to the conflict in Syria that started in March, 2011, and has reaffirmed its condemnation to all violence and human rights violations. Brazil has declared full support to the Joint Special Representative of the United Nations and the League of Arab States, Lakhdar Brahimi.

Brazil coordinates with key international and regional players, while keeping an open channel of dialogue with the Syrian Government, through the Embassy of Syria in Brasília, in order to make diplomatic efforts for a negotiated solution to the conflict. Brazil also keeps the Embassy in Damascus open (diplomatic personal has been provisionally transferred to Beirut), which provides support to approximately three hundred Brazilians still living in Syria.

Donations by the Brazilian Government for humanitarian assistance related to the conflict in Syria amounted, in 2013, more than US$ 800,000, besides a contribution of US$ 1 million to the Central Emergency Response Fund of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

 

Chronology of Bilateral Relations

1945 – Establishment of diplomatic relations

1951 – Brazil opens Legation in Damascus

1961 – Establishment of the Brazilian Embassy in Damascus

1997 – Signature of Cultural and Educational Cooperation Agreement

2003 – Signature of Cooperation Agreement on Sports

2003 – Visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Syria

2005 – Visit of Foreign Minister Celso Amorim to Damascus

2005 – Visit of the Prime-Minister of Syria, Mohamad Naji Otri, to Brasília

2005 – Visit to Brazil of the Minister of Economy of Syria, Amer Lufti

2006 – Visit of the Minister of Education, Fernando Haddad, to Damascus

2006 – Visit to Brazil of the Ministry of Environment, Helal Al Atrach

2006 – Visit to Syria of the Chief Minister of the Cabinet of Institutional Security of the Presidency of the Republic, General Jorge Armando Félix

2007 – Visit to Brazil of the Minister of Information of Syria, Mohsen Bilal

2008 – Visit of Foreign Minister Celso Amorim to Damascus

2009 – Visit of Foreign Minister Celso Amorim to Damascus

2010 – Visit of Foreign Minister Celso Amorim to Damascus

2010 – Visit of the President Bachar Al-Assad to Brasília

2011 - Mission of IBSA to Damascus

2012 - Evacuation of members of the Brazilian Foreign Service to Beirut, Lebanon

2012 - Visit to Brazil of the Advisor for Politics of Press to the President of Syria, Miniter Bouthaina Chaaban

2013 - Approval of Normative Resolution n. 17, by the National Committee on Refugees, facilitating the granting of visas, on humanitarian bases, to citizens affected by the conflict in Syria

2014 – The Secretary General of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Eduardo dos Santos, travels to Montreux to participate in the Geneva II Conference on Syria (January 22nd)

2015 - Approval of Normative Resolution n. 20, by the National Committee on Refugees, renewing the facilitation of the granting of visas, on humanitarian bases, to citizens affected by the conflict in Syria

2016 – Minister Mauro Vieira travels to London to participate in the Supporting Syria and the Region Conference (February 4)

2016 – The consular section of the Embassy of Brazil in Damascus reopens

2016 – Visit to Brazil of the Patriarch of Antioch and All the East of the Syrian Orthodox Church, His Holiness Moran Mor Ignatius Aphrem II

2016 -  Visit to Brazil of the Patriarch of Antioch and All the East of the Syriac Catholic Church, His Beatitude Ignatius Joseph III Yonan




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