Syrian Arabic Republic
Estimated at four million people, the community of Syrian origin established in Brazil is an important asset in the bilateral relationship. Diplomatic relations were established in 1945, and the Brazilian Legation in Damascus was opened in 1951 – and elevated to Embassy status in 1961. There are seven bilateral agreements in force, which enable cooperation in the areas of health, agriculture, tourism, sports and culture.
Brazil has reiterated its support for a political solution to the conflict in Syria that started in March, 2011, and has reaffirmed its condemnation to all violence and human rights violations. Brazil has declared full support to the Joint Special Representative of the United Nations and the League of Arab States, Lakhdar Brahimi.
Brazil coordinates with key international and regional players, while keeping an open channel of dialogue with the Syrian Government, through the Embassy of Syria in Brasília, in order to make diplomatic efforts for a negotiated solution to the conflict. Brazil also keeps the Embassy in Damascus open (diplomatic personal has been provisionally transferred to Beirut), which provides support to approximately three hundred Brazilians still living in Syria.
Donations by the Brazilian Government for humanitarian assistance related to the conflict in Syria amounted, in 2013, more than US$ 800,000, besides a contribution of US$ 1 million to the Central Emergency Response Fund of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1945 – Establishment of diplomatic relations
1951 – Brazil opens Legation in Damascus
1961 – Establishment of the Brazilian Embassy in Damascus
1997 – Signature of Cultural and Educational Cooperation Agreement
2003 – Signature of Cooperation Agreement on Sports
2003 – Visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Syria
2005 – Visit of Foreign Minister Celso Amorim to Damascus
2005 – Visit of the Prime-Minister of Syria, Mohamad Naji Otri, to Brasília
2005 – Visit to Brazil of the Minister of Economy of Syria, Amer Lufti
2006 – Visit of the Minister of Education, Fernando Haddad, to Damascus
2006 – Visit to Brazil of the Ministry of Environment, Helal Al Atrach
2006 – Visit to Syria of the Chief Minister of the Cabinet of Institutional Security of the Presidency of the Republic, General Jorge Armando Félix
2007 – Visit to Brazil of the Minister of Information of Syria, Mohsen Bilal
2008 – Visit of Foreign Minister Celso Amorim to Damascus
2009 – Visit of Foreign Minister Celso Amorim to Damascus
2010 – Visit of Foreign Minister Celso Amorim to Damascus
2010 – Visit of the President Bachar Al-Assad to Brasília
2011 - Mission of IBSA to Damascus
2012 - Evacuation of members of the Brazilian Foreign Service to Beirut, Lebanon
2012 - Visit to Brazil of the Advisor for Politics of Press to the President of Syria, Miniter Bouthaina Chaaban
2013 - Approval of Normative Resolution n. 17, by the National Committee on Refugees, facilitating the granting of visas, on humanitarian bases, to citizens affected by the conflict in Syria
2014 – The Secretary General of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Eduardo dos Santos, travels to Montreux to participate in the Geneva II Conference on Syria (January 22nd)
2015 - Approval of Normative Resolution n. 20, by the National Committee on Refugees, renewing the facilitation of the granting of visas, on humanitarian bases, to citizens affected by the conflict in Syria
2016 – Minister Mauro Vieira travels to London to participate in the Supporting Syria and the Region Conference (February 4)
2016 – The consular section of the Embassy of Brazil in Damascus reopens
2016 – Visit to Brazil of the Patriarch of Antioch and All the East of the Syrian Orthodox Church, His Holiness Moran Mor Ignatius Aphrem II
2016 - Visit to Brazil of the Patriarch of Antioch and All the East of the Syriac Catholic Church, His Beatitude Ignatius Joseph III Yonan