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Brazil acknowledged the independence of Ukraine in December 1991 and diplomatic relations were established on February 11, 1992. The embassy of Ukraine in Brasília was opened in 1993, and two years later, the Embassy of Brazil in Kiev was inaugurated.

In recognition of the importance and potential of this relationship, the Governments of both countries decided to raise the relationship to the level of Strategic Partnership during the State visit of president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Kiev (2009). This visit was reciprocated two years later, when President Viktor Yanukovych was in Brazil (2011). Accompanied by extensive entourage, he visited São Paulo and Brasília, where he was received by President Dilma Rousseff. In July 2013, Foreign Minister Antonio de Aguiar Patriota went on a working visit to Kiev.

Space cooperation is the main project of the strategic partnership and is based primarily on the Treaty on Long Term Cooperation in utilization of the Cyclone 4 Launch Vehicle (2003), whose objective is to define the conditions for long term cooperation for developing the Launch Site of Cyclone 4 in Alcântara Launch Center (ALC) and to provide launching services for the space programs of both countries, as well as for commercial customers. The installation project of the Launch Site of Cyclone-4 in Alcântara will enable Brazil to join the lucrative international market of satellite launches, in which the country has important comparative advantages, due to its geographical situation.

Brazil and Ukraine maintain an important partnership in the health area, through which the country will start to produce the recombinant insulin NPH with transfer of technology from the Ukrainian Lab INDAR.

In the framework of educational cooperation, an agreement between the Ukraine State Center for International Educational and CNPq was signed, allowing for the Ukrainian participation in the Science without Borders Program. Additionally, active participation of Ukraine in the scope of Brazilian staff training for the development of Brazilian space activities is expected.

In 2012, bilateral trade reached the mark of US$ 1.012 billion.

Chronology of bilateral relations

1991 – Brazil acknowledges the independence of Ukraine.

1992 – Establishment of diplomatic relations

1993 – Opening of resident Embassy of Ukraine in Brasília

1995 – Opening of resident Embassy of Brazil in Kiev

1995 – visit of President Leonid Kutchma to Brazil. At the opportunity, several agreements were signed, among which, the Agreement on Economic and Trade Cooperation, which provided for the constitution of the Brazil-Ukraine Intergovernmental Commission on Cooperation (CIC)

1996 – Foreign Minister Guenadi Udovenko visits Brazil

1999 – Foreign Minister Boris Tarassiuk visits Brazil

2001 – First meeting of the Brazil-Ukraine Intergovernmental Commission on Cooperation (CIC)

2002 – Visit of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso to Ukraine

2003 – Visit of President Leonid Kutchma to Brazil in October. In the occasion, the Treaty on Long Term Cooperation in utilization of the Cyclone 4 Launch Vehicle at the Alcântara Launch Center (ALC) is signed, as well as the Memorandum of Understanding on Future Bilateral Projects in the Space Area, the Protocol of Intentions on Cooperation in the Field of Defense and the Treaty on Extradition

2004 – Meeting of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva with President Leonid Kutchma and all his Cabinet, in Kiev, in May; second meeting of the CIC

2005 – Foreign Minister Boris Tarasyuk visits Brazil

2005 – Visit to Kiev of the Delegation of the Commission of Foreign Affairs and National Defense of the House of Representatives, headed by lawmaker Aroldo Cedraz (October)

2009 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Ukraine

2010 – The Minister of Defense, Nelson Jobim, visits Ukraine

2011 – Visit of President Viktor Yanukovych to Brazil (October)

2011 –  Visit of the Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation, Aloizio Mercadante, to Ukraine

2011 – Visit of the Minister of Defense, Mykhailo Yezhel, to Brazil

2012 – Visit to Brazil of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, Kostyantyn Gryshchenko (Brasilia, January 20)

2013 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Antônio de Aguiar Patriota, visits Ukraine (July 3)

2013 – The 5th CIC is held in Brasília, attended by the Minister of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine, Igor Prassolov (November 8)

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