Republic of Turkey
Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Turkey began with the signature of the Bilateral Treaty of Friendship and Commerce (1858). The two countries significantly strengthened their bilateral ties in the first decade of the 21st century.
In 2006, the evacuation operation of Brazilian citizens in the context of the Lebanon War counted on important support from Turkey, which helped strengthen the ties between the two countries. In 2009, President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva made the first visit of a Brazilian Head of State to Turkey. On this visit, the Tehran Declaration was negotiated – a document signed between the two countries and Iran in 2010 as a contribution to building trust for the settlement of the Iranian nuclear question.
The Turkish-Brazilian rapprochement took another important step in 2010, when, during the visit to Brazil of Prime-Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, an Action Plan for Strategic Partnership was signed. The document creates a framework for the deepening of dialogue and cooperation in fields such as international politics, agriculture, science and technology, foreign trade and energy, among others. In the same month, the 3rd World Forum of the Alliance of Civilizations was held in Rio de Janeiro (the previous edition was hosted in Istanbul), initiative aimed at fomenting inter-civilization dialogue and in which Brazil and Turkey have an active role, as two great democratic and multicultural countries.
President Dilma Rousseff visited Turkey in 2011, when agreements on cooperation in education and mutual assistance in criminal matters were signed. Prime-Minister Erdogan returned to Brazil in 2012, when he headed the Turkish delegation to the Rio+20 Conference.
Brazil and Turkey defend the strengthening of multilateral institutions such as the UN, the IMF and the G-20. Additionally, both countries show mutual interest in open and constructive dialogue on major global issues such as security, trade and cooperation for development.
In the economic field, the relations between Brazil and Turkey also saw strong growth in the last decade. Between 2011 and 2012, bilateral trade grew by 900%, reaching U.S. $ 2.1 billion.
Several other aspects marked the Brazil-Turkey relationship: the love for Brazilian football, reflected by the large presence of Brazilian players in Turkish teams; the growth of tourism, propelled by the inauguration of non-stop flights Istanbul-São Paulo in 2010; and cultural interchange, with examples ranging from literature to soap operas.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1858 – Signature of Treaty of Friendship and Commerce between the Empire of Brazil and the Ottoman Empire
1908 – Creation of the Consulate General of Turkey in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo
1927 – Treaty of Friendship and Commerce between Brazil and the Republic of Turkey
1930 – Installation of Embassies in Rio de Janeiro and Ankara
1992 – Participation of Foreign Minister Süleyman Demirel in the Rio-92 Earth Summit
1995 – Visit to Brazil of President Süleyman Demirel
1998 – Visit to Brazil of Foreign Minister Ismail Cem.
2003 – Visit to Brazil of the Minister of National Defense, Vecdi Gönül
2004 – Visit to Turkey of Foreign Minister Celso Amorim
2004 – Entry into force of the Visa Waiver Agreement For Holders of Common Passports
2006 – Visit to Brazil of Foreign Minister Abdullah Gül
2009 – Visit of Foreign Minister Celso Amorim to Istanbul, to participate in the 2nd Forum of the Alliance of Civilizations (April); visit to Turkey of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (May)
2010 – Visit to Turkey of Minister Celso Amorim (January); visit to Brazil of Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu (April); participation of Prime-Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan in the 3rd World Forum of the Alliance of the Civilizations, in Rio de Janeiro
2010 – Operation of Turkish Airlines direct flight São Paulo-Istanbul starts
2012 – Visit of Foreign Minister Antonio Patriota to Turkey (February)
2012 – Participation of Prime-Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan in the Rio+20 Conference
2014 – Visit of Foreign Minister Luiz Figueiredo to Turkey
2015 – Visit of Foreign Minister Mevlut Çavusoglu to Brazil