Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Brazil maintains diplomatic relations with Timor-Leste since its independence, in 2002. Bilateral relations are marked by cultural bonds, arising from the common Portuguese heritage. Timor-Leste is the only country in Asia and Oceania to adopt Portuguese as the official language and it is part of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP).
The bilateral cooperation program provided by Brazil in Timor-Leste is very broad, focusing on basic sectors for the construction of the Timorese State, such as the consolidation of the Portuguese language and culture and the Roman-German legal system, themes of justice and security and labor training. Timor-Leste is one of the countries most benefitted by Brazilian cooperation. Bilateral instruments in the areas of technical, cultural, educational, and defense cooperation are in force.
Prime-Minister Xanana Gusmão visited Brazil in 2011, as the first foreign Head of Government received by President Dilma Rousseff. In 2008, President José Ramos-Horta also visited Brazil.
Brazil also received the visits of the Minister of Justice, Lúcia Lobato (2009), of the President of the National Parliament of Timor-Leste, Fernando La Sama (2009); and of the President of the Committee on Economy, Finances and Anti-Corruption, Manuel Tilman (2009). President José Ramos-Horta was also in Brazil on the occasion of the Rio+20 Conference. The Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Timor-Leste, Constâncio da Conceição Pinto, has visited Brazil to participate in the inauguration of the President of the Republic, in January of 2015.
On the Brazilian side, President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visited Timor-Leste in 2008. In 2007, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, visited Timor-Leste. In February 2013, Minister Antonio de Aguiar Patriota met with Timorese Foreign Minister at that time, José Guterres, in Vienna, on the occasion of the 5th Forum of the Alliance of Civilizations. In 2015, Minister Mauro Vieira traveled to Timor-Leste to participate in the 10th Ordinary Meeting of the Council of Ministers of the CPLP and to hold bilateral meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Timor Leste, Hernâni Coelho.
Timor-Leste supports Brazil as permanent member in a reformed United Nations Security Council.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1999 – Brazil sends 5 liaison officers, 6 police observers and 19 election experts to follow the referendum on the independence (August)
1999 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Luiz Felipe Lampreia, meets José Ramos-Horta and the Foreign Minister of Indonesia, Ali Atalas, on the margins of the 53rd United Nations General Assembly (September).
2000 – Xanana Gusmão requests Brazilian support in the area of education (March)
2000 – Beginning of the operations of the Representative Office of Brazil in Dili (June)
2000 – Brazilian mission of technical cooperation to Dili (June)
2001 – President Fernando Henrique Cardoso visits Timor-Leste (January)
2002 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between Brazil and Timor-Leste, with the restoration of the country’s independence (May)
2002 – Opening of the Embassy in Dili (May).
2002 – Signature of Basic Agreement Brazil- Timor-Leste on Cooperation in Education
2002 – Signature of Basic Technical Cooperation Agreement Brazil- Timor-Leste (May)
2002 – President Xanana Gusmão officially visits Brazil (July-August)
2002 – Timor-Leste becomes the eighth member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP) (July-August)
2003 – Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministries of Justice (September)
2004 – Foreign Minister José Ramos-Horta visits Brazil and co-heads the 1st Meeting of the Joint Committee (February)
2004 – Presidential Decree authorizes the sending of fifty Brazilian teachers, in the context of the cooperation program implemented by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) (November)
2005 – Two Public Defenders and one Judge are sent to Dili, for cooperation on judiciary training (September)
2007 – Visit of Foreign Minister Celso Amorim to Dili (December)
2008 – Official visit of President José Ramos-Horta to Brazil (January)
2008 – Visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Dili (July)
2008 – First mission of the Executive Group of Cooperation to Dili (August)
2009 – Signature of agreement on the cession of lands to the Embassy of Brazil in Dili and the Embassy of Timor-Leste in Brasília (July)
2009 – Visit to Brazil of the President of the National Parliament of Timor-Leste, Fernando La Sama (September)
2010 – Visit to Brazil of the Minister of Social Solidarity, on the occasion of the 10th Conference of Ministers of Labor and Social Affairs of the CPLP (February)
2010 – Visit to Brazil of the President of the Committee of the Public Function of Timor-Leste to Brasília (August)
2010 – Visit of the Defense Secretary, Júlio Tomás Pinto (November), to participate in the meeting of the CPLP’s Ministers of Defense, in Brasília. Signature of Military Cooperation Agreement
2011 – Visit of Prime-Minister Xanana Gusmão to Brazil. During the visit, acts in the areas of justice, social inclusion, police training and education were signed (March)
2011 – Visit to Brazil of the Committee for Sports, Youth and Labor of the National Parliament of Timor-Leste (July)
2011 – Visit to Brazil of the Committee on Infrastructure and Social Equipment of the National Parliament of Timor-Leste (August)
2011 – Visit to Brazil of the Secretary-General of the National Parliament of Timor-Leste (October)
2012 – Visit to Timor-Leste of the Subsecretary-General for Cooperation and Commercial Promotion of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Hadil Vianna, on the occasion of the inauguration of President Taur Matan Ruak (May)
2012 – Beginning of the transfer of the Professional Training Center of Becora to the Government of Timor-Leste (June)
2012 – Visit of the Chief of the Joint Staff of the Armed Forces (CEMCFA) of Brazil, General Nardi, on the occasion of the 16th Meeting of the CEMCFA of the CPLP’s countries, in Dili (August)
2013 – Meeting between Minister Antonio de Aguiar Patriota and his homologous José Guterres, in Vienna, on the margins of the 5th Forum of the Alliance of Civilizations (February)
2013 – Creation of the Brazilian Defense Attaché for Timor-Leste, cumulative, resident in Tokyo, Japan, (October)
2013 – Visit to Brazil of the Vice Minister of Higher Education and Sciences of Timor-Leste, Marçal Avelino Ximenes (December)
2014 – Brazil sends diplomat to support Timor-Leste in the preparations for the holding of the CPLP Summit, in July (January)
2014 – Visit of the Directors General of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery of Timor-Leste to Paraná, with focus on conservation agriculture (direct plantation), with support of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (April)
2015 - Visit of the Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Timor-Leste, Constâncio da Conceição Pinto, to attend the inauguration of the President of the Republic (January)
2015 – Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mauro Vieira, to Timor-Leste (July)