Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Bilateral relations between Brazil and Sri Lanka were established in 1960. The Embassy of Sri Lanka in Brasilia was inaugurated in 2001, the first representation of the country in South America. The Embassy of Brazil in Colombo resumed its activities in 2005.
Technical cooperation is one of the main components of bilateral relations. The Framework Agreement on Technical Cooperation, in force since 2010, is the main legal instrument for cooperation and involves the following areas:
- biofuels technology, production, and distribution;
- agricultural and livestock research, production, and trading; and
- development of social programs.
The Governments of both countries started discussing and identifying opportunities of technical cooperation under the Agreement, which includes topics such as cultivation of cashew, dengue fever prevention, and forest management.
Bilateral trade increased significantly between 2002 and 2014, growing from USD 24.9 million to USD 174 million, with traditional surplus for Brazil. In 2014, Brazilian exports to Sri Lanka reached a total of USD 109 million.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1960 - Establishment of diplomatic relations between Brazil and Sri Lanka and opening of the non-resident Embassy of Brazil in Colombo, concurrently accredited to New Delhi
1961 - Opening of the resident Embassy of Brazil in Colombo
1967 - The Embassy of Brazil in Colombo suspends its activities. Re-establishment of concurrent accreditation to New Delhi
1969- Establishment of the Honorary Consulate of Brazil in Colombo
1988 - The Minister of Constitutional Affairs, Justice, Ethnic Affairs and National Integration of Sri Lanka, Prof. G. L. Peiris, visits Brazil
2001- Opening of the Embassy of Sri Lanka in Brasilia
2004 - The President of Sri Lanka, Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga, participates in the Action Against Hunger and Poverty Meeting of the World Leaders, in New York, by invitation of President Lula
2004 - Brazil sends humanitarian aid to the victims of the tsunami (December)
2005 - The Minister of Science and Technology of Sri Lanak, Tissa Vitarana, visits Brazil
2005 - The Special Presidential Envoy, Ambassador of Brazil in New Delhi, José Vicente Pimentel, visits Sri Lanka
2005 - Decree establishing the Embassy of Brazil in Colombo is published
2007 - The Special Adviser on Asia, Ambassador João Gualberto Marques Porto, visits Sri Lanka
2007 - Bilateral meeting between Minister Celso Amorim and the Foreign Minister of Sri Lanka, Rohitha Bogollagama, on the sidelines of the 62nd UN General Assembly
2007 - The Embassy of Brazil in Colombo resumes its activities (December)
2008 - Meeting between Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Mahinda Rajapaksa, on the sidelines of the FAO High-Level Conference on Food Security, in Rome
2008 - Technical mission of the Ministry of Agriculture of Sri Lanka to Brazil to observe the Brazilian expertise in agriculture and livestock research
2008 - Official visit to Brazil of Foreign Minister Rohitha Bogollagama, accompanied by the Minister of Housing Development, Geethanjana Gunawardena
2010 - The Brazilian Government donates 900 thousand dollars to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to support internally displaced people in Sri Lanka
2011 - Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickramanayaka attends inaugural ceremony of President Dilma Rousseff (January)
2011 - Official Visit of Minister Antônio Patriota to Sri Lanka (March)
2012 - President Mahinda Rajapaksa visits Brazil on the occasion of the Rio+20 Conference (June)