Relations were established in 1828, when Brazil became the first country in South America with which Russia formalized diplomatic relations. The 185th anniversary of the diplomatic relations was celebrated in 2013.
In the past years, the countries' relations have strengthened by high level visits, dialogue in the multilateral context (ONU, G-20, BRICS), increase of trade and investments flows, and deepening of the cooperation, especially in aerospace and technical-military areas. Brazil and Russia are “Strategic and Technological Alliance Partners”.
Both countries are engaged in reaching US$ 10 billion in commercial exchange. In 2012, bilateral trade reached almost US$ 6 billion. The number of Brazilian companies in Russia has grown significantly. Sanitary and phytosanitary cooperation has advanced to the benefit of meat trade – Russia is one of the biggest importers of bovine meat and pork produced in Brazil.
Brazil and Russia have converging positions on many topics of the international agenda, sharing the firm belief that it is necessary to reform the global governance structures, in order to build an institutional architecture more consistent with the contemporary world.
The consolidation of the BRICS is one of the axes of the relations between Brazil and Russia. Initially seen as a merely economic concept, the BRICS is today a platform of political coordination addressing international challenges. Both countries are engaged in advancing two BRICS’ cooperation projects – the New Development Bank, and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement.
Cultural cooperation is an important feature of the bilateral relation. Since 2008, annual editions of the Brazilian Movie Festival have been performed in Russia. Russia has contributed to the training of Brazilian dancers, in the context of the partnership created on the opening of a branch of Bolshoi Ballet School in the city of Joinville (2001). The perspective of widening the network of Portuguese and Russian lectureships in the main Russian and Brazilian universities testifies the growing reciprocal interest of the students.
It is in force since 2010 a bilateral agreement for short term visa exemption, which has contributed to increasing the flow of tourists between both countries.
In December 2018, three Brazilian technology parks visited Moscow in order to establish the internationalization of Brazilian startups in Russia. This initiative was part of the Innovation Diplomacy Program of Itamaraty, which has stimulated the creation of BRICS' Technological Parks Networks and Business Incubators.
Chronology of the Bilateral Relations
1828 – Establishment of diplomatic relations
1876 – Private visit of Emperor Pedro II to Russia
1917 – Severance of diplomatic relations due to the Brazilian non-recognition of the government headed by Vladimir Lenin
1945 – Reestablishment of diplomatic relations with the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics after the end of World War II
1947 – New severance of diplomatic relations
1961 – Reestablishment of diplomatic relations
1988 – The President of the Republic, José Sarney, makes the first official visit of a Brazilian Head of State to the URSS
1994 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, makes the first official visit of a Brazilian Foreign Minister to Russia
1997 – Establishment of the High Level Cooperation Committee (CAN), whose operational mechanism is the Intergovernmental Cooperation Committee (CIC)
2002 – State visit of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso to Russia; on the occasion, a “Strategic Partnership” was created
2003 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Igor Ivanov, visits Brazil
2004 –Visit of the Vice President of the Republic, José Alencar, to Russia
2004 – Visit o President Vladimir Putin to Brazil, the first of a Head of State from the Russian Federation; on the occasion, the "Technological Alliance" between both countries was created.
2005 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Russia
2006 – Russia Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sergei Lavrov, visits Brazil and signs the Memorandum of Understanding for the Establishment of a Mechanism of Political Dialogue and Cooperation between Mercosur and the Russian Federation – Brasilia, December 15
2008 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, visits Russia to attend the First BRICS Foreign Affairs Ministers' Meeting, in Yekaterinburg
2008 – State visit of the President of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev, to Brazil for the 180th anniversary of Brazil-Russia relations
2010 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, visits Russia
2010 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Russia and signs the “Plan of Action of Strategic Partnership” (May 14)
2011 – Vice President Michel Temer visits Russia to attend the Fifth CAN Meeting (May 17)
2013 – Visit of the President of the Government of the Russian Federation, Dmitry A. Medvedev, to co-chair, together with the Vice-President of the Republic, Michel Temer, the VI Brazil-Russia High Level Cooperation Meeting. (February 19-21)
2013 – Meeting of Foreign Affairs Ministers of the BRICS on the sidelines of the 68th United Nations General Assembly Session (New York, September 25)
2013 – The Minister of Defense, Serguei Shoigu, visits Brazil
2014 – President Vladimir Putin visits Brazil for the VI BRICS Summit (July 14)
2014 – Meeting of Foreign Affairs Ministers of the BRICS on the sidelines of the 69th United Nations General Assembly Session (New York, September 29)
2016 – 23rd BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change (Morroco, October 17)
2017 – 24th BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change (Beijing, China, April 11)
2018 – Meeting of Foreign Affairs BRICS Ministers on the sidelines of the 73rd AGNU (New York, September 27)