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Russian Federation

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Relations were established in 1828, when Brazil became the first country in South America with which Russia formalized diplomatic relations. The 185th anniversary of the diplomatic relations was celebrated in 2013.

In the past years, the countries' relations have strengthened by high level visits, dialogue in the multilateral context (ONU, G-20, BRICS), increase of trade and investments flows, and deepening of the cooperation, especially in aerospace and technical-military areas. Brazil and Russia are “Strategic and Technological Alliance Partners”.

Both countries are engaged in reaching US$ 10 billion in commercial exchange. In 2012, bilateral trade reached almost US$ 6 billion. The number of Brazilian companies in Russia has grown significantly. Sanitary and phytosanitary cooperation has advanced to the benefit of meat trade – Russia is one of the biggest importers of bovine meat and pork produced in Brazil.

Brazil and Russia have converging positions on many topics of the international agenda, sharing the firm belief that it is necessary to reform the global governance structures, in order to build an institutional architecture more consistent with the contemporary world.

The consolidation of the BRICS is one of the axes of the relations between Brazil and Russia. Initially seen as a merely economic concept, the BRICS is today a platform of political coordination addressing international challenges. Both countries are engaged in advancing two BRICS’ cooperation projects – the New Development Bank, and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement.

Cultural cooperation is an important feature of the bilateral relation. Since 2008, annual editions of the Brazilian Movie Festival have been performed in Russia. Russia has contributed to the training of Brazilian dancers, in the context of the partnership created on the opening of a branch of Bolshoi Ballet School in the city of Joinville (2001). The perspective of widening the network of Portuguese and Russian lectureships in the main Russian and Brazilian universities testifies the growing reciprocal interest of the students.

It is in force since 2010 a bilateral agreement for short term visa exemption, which has contributed to increasing the flow of tourists between both countries.

Chronology of the Bilateral Relations

1828 – Establishment of diplomatic relations

1876 – Private visit of Emperor Pedro II to Russia.

1917 – Severance of diplomatic relations due to the Brazilian non-recognition of the government headed by Vladimir Lenin.

1945 – Reestablishment of diplomatic relations with the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics after the end of World War II.

1947 – New severance of diplomatic relations

1961 – Reestablishment of diplomatic relations

1988 – The President of the Republic, José Sarney, makes the first official visit of a Brazilian Head of State to the URSS

1994 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, makes the first official visit of a Brazilian Foreign Minister to Russia

1997 – Establishment of the High Level Cooperation Committee (CAN), whose operational mechanism is the Intergovernmental Cooperation Committee (CIC)

2002 – State visit of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso to Russia; on the occasion, a “Strategic Partnership” was created

2003 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Igor Ivanov, visits Brazil

2004 –Visit of the Vice President of the Republic, José Alencar, to Russia

2004 – Visit o President Vladimir Putin to Brazil, the first of a Head of State from the Russian Federation; on the occasion, the "Technological Alliance" between both countries was created.

2005 – Visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Russia

2006 – Russia Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sergei Lavrov, visits Brazil and signs the Memorandum of Understanding for the Establishment of a Mechanism of Political Dialogue and Cooperation between Mercosur and the Russian Federation – Brasilia, December 15

2008 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, visits Russia to attend the 1st Meeting of BRICS Foreign Ministers, in Yekaterinburg

2008 – State visit of the President of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev, to Brazil for the 180th anniversary of Brazil-Russia relations

2010 –­ The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, visits Russia

2010 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Russia; on the occasion, the “Plan of Action of Strategic Partnership” was signed (May 14)

2011 – IBSA Ministerial meeting (New York, February 11)

2011VII IBSA Trilateral Ministerial Commission (New Delhi, March 8)

2011 – Meeting of BRICS leaders – Sanya, China, April 14

2011 – Vice President Michel Temer visits Russia to attend  the 5th Meeting of the CAN (May 17)

2011 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Antonio Patriota, visits Russia (September 4)

2012Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs in New York, on the sidelines of the 67th Annual Session of the United Nations General Assembly (September 26)

2012 – President Dilma Rousseff visits Russia (December 13-14)

2013Visit of the President of the Government of the Russian Federation, Dmitry A. Medvedev, to co-chair, together with the Vice-President of the Republic, Michel Temer, the VI Brazil-Russia High Level Cooperation Meeting. (February 19-21)

2013The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sergei Lavrov, visits Brazil (June 11)

2013President Dilma Rousseff attends the G-20 Summit in Saint Petersburg (September 5)

2013Informal meeting of BRICS leaders in Saint Petersburg on the sidelines of the G20 Summit (September 5)

2013 – Meeting of Foreign Affairs Ministers of the BRICS on the sidelines of the 68th United Nations General Assembly Session (New York, September 25)

2013 – The Minister of Defense, Serguei Shoigu, visits Brazil

2013The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Luiz Alberto Figueiredo Machado, visits Russia (November 20)

2014 – President Vladimir Putin visits Brazil for the VI BRICS Summit (July 14)

2015Visit of President Dilma Rousseff to Ufa, Russia, on the occasion of the VII BRICS Summit (July 9)

2015Visit of Vice-President Michel Temer to Moscow, on the occasion of the Seventh Meeting of the Brazil-Russia High Level Cooperation Commission (September 14-16)

2015Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs in New York, on the sidelines of the 70th Annual Session of the United Nations General Assembly (September 20)

2015 – Meeting of BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs in New York, on the sidelines of the 70th Annual Session of the United Nations General Assembly (September 29)

2015Meeting of BRICS Leaders in Antalya, Turkey, on the sidelines of the G20 Summit (November 15)

2016Visit to Brasil of His Holiness Kirill I, Head of the Russian Orthodox Church (February 19-21)

2016 – 22nd BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change (New Delhi, April 7)

2016G20 Leaders Summit (Hangzhou, China, September 4-5)

2016Private meeting of BRICS Heads of State and Government during the 8th BRICS Summit – Goa, October 15

2016 – 23rd BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change (Morroco, October 17)

2017 – 24th BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change (Beijing, China, April 11)

2017Meeting of BRICS Foreign Affairs Ministers (Beijing, June 18-19)

2017Visit of the President of the Republic to Russia (Moscow, June 20-21)

2017Informal meeting of BRICS Leaders on the occasion of the G20 Summit (Hamburg, Germany, July 7)

20179th BRICS Summit – Xiamen, September 3-5, 2017




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