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Brazil and Romania established diplomatic relations in 1928; in that same year, Romania opened its diplomatic representation in Rio de Janeiro (its first in Latin America). In 1929, Brazil inaugurated its representation in Bucharest, which would be closed in 1939 and reopened in 1961.

Although political relations have been distant during the communist regime in Romania, the "pragmatic and ecumenical" foreign policy of President Geisel facilitated visit to Brazil of the Romanian President and Secretary General of the Communist Party, Nicolae Ceausescu (1975). More recently, two Romanian Heads of State have officially visited Brazil; Ion Iliescu (1992) and Emil Constantinecu (2000). Prime Ministers Petre Roman (1991) and Nicolae Vacaroiu (1994) also visited Brazil. Vice President José Alencar and Minister of Foreign Affairs Celso Amorim paid visits to Romania in 2004 and 2010, respectively.

Cultural cooperation is an important feature of the bilateral relation. The Embassy of Brazil in Bucharest has contributed to promoting the Brazilian culture by sponsoring Brazilian and Latin American movies festivals, classical and popular music concerts and capoeira presentations, among other initiatives. The Center of Brazilian Studies was created at the Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj – the “House of Brazil” –, which offers Portuguese language courses and has its own library. The Embassy of Brazil also offers complimentary Portuguese language courses.

Chronology of Bilateral Relations

1928 – Establishment in Brazil of the first Legation of Romania in Latin America

1929 – Opening of the Brazilian Legation in Bucharest

1942 – Termination of diplomatic relations in the context of the World War II

1961 – Reestablishment of the diplomatic relations; reopening of the Brazilian Legation in Bucharest

1974 – Elevation of both countries' Legations to the status of Embassies

1975 – The Secretary General of the Romanian Communist Party and President of Romania, Nicolae Ceausescu, visits Brazil

1991 – Prime Minister Petre Roman visits Brazil

1992 – Participation of the President of Romania, Ion Iliescu, at the Rio-92 Conference

1994 –  Prime Minister Nicolae Vacaroiu visits Brazil

1999 – Opening in Bucharest of the Cultural Foundation Brazil–Romania and the “Antonio Olinto” Library

2000 – President Emil Constantinescu visits Brazil

2003 –  Prime Minister Adrian Nastase visits Brazil

2004 – The Vice-President of the Republic, José Alencar, visits Romania

2010 – Minister of Foreign Affairs Celso Amorim visits Bucharest, the first visit of a Brazilian Foreign Minister to Romania in more than 80 years of diplomatic relations

2013 – Foreign Minister Antonio de Aguiar Patriota and Minister of Foreign Affairs Titus Corlatean meet at the margins of the European Union – CELAC Summit in Santiago do Chile (January)

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