Brazil's uninterrupted relations with Czechia dates back to the creation of the Czechoslovakian state, in 1918. The establishment of the Joint Bilateral Committee (2009) – forum to advance bilateral issues and encourage political dialogue –, the signature of the agreement in the area of defense (2010), the partnership between Embraer and Aero Vodochody (2011) and the rapprochement between both countries' space agencies represent new possibilities for deepening and diversifying the bilateral relationship.
The bilateral agenda gained momentum with the end of the communist regime, especially after the visit of President Fernando Collor de Mello to Prague (1990). In 1994, President-elect Fernando Henrique Cardoso visited Prague, where he met President Václav Havel and Prime-Minister Václav Klaus. At President Cardoso's invitation, President Havel officially visited Brazil in 1996. Prime Minister Klaus visited Brazil in 1994. In 2006, Jiri Paroubek became the second Czech Prime Minister to visit Brazil. Bilateral dialogue was fostered with the visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Prague (2008). At the presence of Presidents Lula and Klaus, a new Economic and Industrial Cooperation Agreement was signed, and entered into force in 2009. President Klaus reciprocated the visit in 2009, which made for a rapprochement between the business sectors of the two countries and revealed opportunities for Czech investments in Brazil.
Bilateral trade has experienced a great expansion in the last decade, with the total turnout growing more than sixfold between 2002 and 2012, according to data from Brazil's Ministry of Foreign Trade. Trade flow is about US$ 600 million per year. Brazil is the largest trading partner of the Czechia in Latin America. A Czech business delegation visit to Brazil (2013) led to the beginning of negotiations for further cooperation between the investment agencies of both countries.
In 2010, the Minister of Defense, Nelson Jobim, visited the Czech Republic to sign the Cooperation Agreement in Defense and visit local factories, especially Aero Vodohody, which would later join the Embraer KC-390 project.
Educational cooperation is an important aspect of the bilateral relationship. Six Brazilian scholarship students of the "Science Without Borders" program have already studied in Czech institutions, which continue to show interest in hosting more Brazilian students.
The Embassy of Brazil in Prague works to promote the diversity of Brazilian culture through activities in the areas of music, cinema, literature, theatre, academia and fine arts.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1918 – Brazil and Czechoslovakia establish diplomatic relations.
1920 – Czechoslovakia creates a diplomatic legation in Rio de Janeiro
1921 – Brazil opens a diplomatic legation in Prague
1960 – Elevation of both countries' diplomatic missions to the status of Embassies
1988 – Czechoslovakian Prime-Minister, Lubomir Strougal, visits Brazil
1989 – Brazilian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Roberto Costa de Abreu Sodré, visits Prague
1990 –President Fernando Collor visits Prague
1993 – Brazil recognizes the Czech Republic after the “Velvet Divorce”
1994 – Fernando Henrique Cardoso visits the Czech Republic as President-elect; Prime-Minister Václav Klaus visits Brazil
1996 – President Václav Havel visits Brazil
2006 – PrimeMinister Jiri Paroubek visits Brazil
2008 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Prague
2009 – President Václav Klaus visits Brazil