Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Brazil and Afghanistan established diplomatic relations in 1952 and have since maintained fluid political dialogue. The Afghan Government considers Brazil its main potential partner in Latin America.
In 2010, both countries decided to establish Embassies in the respective capitals. In December 2012, Afghanistan established in Brasília its first resident embassy in Latin America.
Technical cooperation is the most promising area for the deepening of ties between the two countries. A Basic Agreement on technical cooperation was signed in 2006, and a prospecting mission was carried out by ABC (Brazilian Cooperation Agency) in Kabul. During the Rio+20 Conference, two Complementary Adjustments to the mentioned Agreement were signed (‘Strengthening Agricultural Extension in Afghanistan’ and ‘Cooperative Approach to Agro-ecological Zoning in Afghanistan').
In addition to agriculture, there is potential for cooperation in biofuels, energy, mining, defense, demining, education, electoral technology, and social policies.
Despite having grown 20 times in the past ten years, trade surplus is small and widely in surplus for Brazil, which exports mainly poultry and meat. Brazil imports, almost exclusively, dried grapes. Bilateral trade between Brazil and Afghanistan reached US$ 8.49 million in 2012. It is the third largest value of their history of bilateral trade, second only to those registered in 2011 (US$ 11.53 million) and 2009 (US$ 8.86 million). In 2013, until October, trade totaled US$ 9.7 million.
Afghanistan has about 26 million inhabitants and not-yet-explored mineral reserves, estimated at one trillion dollars. It is expected that the process of the country's reconstruction and stabilization can foster the diversification and expansion of trade flows and bilateral investment.
At multilateral level, it is noteworthy the participation of Brazil in all recent major international conferences on Afghanistan, in London (2006), Paris (2008), The Hague (2009), Kabul (2010), Bonn (2011), Dushanbe and Tokyo (2012).
Brazil supports the imperative of national reconciliation and interdependence between security and development in Afghanistan.
The Brazilian government has contributed with over US$ 1 million to Afghanistan (reconstruction and refugees). In early May 2014, Brazil donated US$ 250,000 to the "Strategy Solution" for Afghan refugees in Pakistan and Iran.