Republic of Poland
Relations between Brazil and Poland date back to the second half of the 19th century, when Dom Pedro II encouraged the coming of Polish immigrants to the Southern Region of Brazil and supported the independence of the country, then occupied by neighboring powers. The same cause was advocated by Ruy Barbosa during the Hague Conference in 1907. In 1918, Brazil was one of the first countries to recognize the independence of Poland. Established in 1920, diplomatic relations were marked by the rapprochement of both governments during the interwar period. In World War II, Brazilian and Polish soldiers joined the Allied troops that fought against Nazi-Fascism in Europe. While the communist regime was in office in Poland, contacts remained cordial, though not intense.
Bilateral cooperation currently covers areas such as trade, defense, science and technology, culture and education. Since Poland entered the European Union (2004), matters that concern Brazil’s relationship with the block have also become part of the agenda under discussion between the two countries.
Mutual visits between authorities have been frequent in recent decades. Among the most recent, it is worth mentioning the mission to Brazil of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland, Radoslaw Sikorski (2012), and the visit of Foreign Minister Luiz Alberto Figueiredo to Poland (2013) to attend the 19th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP-19) and meet his Polish counterpart.
Economic and trade relations have been intensified, especially after the accession of Poland to the European Union. Brazil is the largest trading partner of Poland in Latin America, and the flow of bilateral trade exceeded US$ 1 billion in 2012. Throughout the last decade, the highlight of Brazilian exports to Poland was Embraer aircrafts, which represent more than 60% of the aircraft fleet of Polish airline LOT.
Educational cooperation is an important part of bilateral relations. In 2013, CNPq and the Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools in Poland (CRASP) signed an agreement to allow for the participation of Poland in the Science without Borders program, in areas such as engineering and chemistry. In force since 1998, the Agreement on Cooperation in Science, Technology and Innovation facilitates contacts between researchers from both countries.
Bilateral initiatives in defense have been boosted in recent years. The Cooperation Agreement signed in 2010 allowed Brazilian and Polish military personnel to narrow ties through exchange program of officials. There are military attachés in the Embassies in Warsaw and in Brasilia since 1999.
The Embassy of Brazil in Warsaw organizes several initiatives involving arts, cinema, literature and music to promote the Brazilian culture in the country.
Chronology of bilateral relations
1918 – Recognition of the Polish State by Brazil
1920 – Establishment of diplomatic relations
1921 – Opening of the Legation of Brazil in Warsaw
1939 – Interruption of diplomatic relations, when of the occupation of Poland during World War II
1941 – Reopening of the Legation of Brazil to the Polish Government in exile in London
1947 – Relocation of the Brazilian Legation headquarters to Warsaw
1961 – Elevation of diplomatic representation to Embassy status
1995 – President Lech Walesa visits Brazil
1996 – Minister of the Army General Zenildo Lucena visits Poland
1999 – Military Attaché posted at the Embassy of Brazil in Warsaw
2000 – Prime-Minister of Poland Jerzy Buzek visits Brazil
2002 – President Fernando Henrique Cardoso visits Poland
2002 – President Aleksander Kwasniewski visits Brazil
2003 – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz visits Brazil
2007 – President of the Senate of Poland Bogdan Borusewicz visits Brazil
2009 – Minister of Defense of Poland Bogdan Klich visits Brazil
2010 – Minister of Foreign Affairs Celso Amorim visits Poland
2010 – Minister of Defense Nelson Jobim visits Poland