Republic of Nauru
Nauru is a presidential republic, independent since 1968. Until the end of the 1980s, Nauru experienced great economic prosperity as a result of the rise in international prices of phosphate, its main export product. With the price drop of this commodity in the 1990s, other activities, such as tourism and the manufacture of products derived from coconut, have become alternatives to overcome the country’s economic challenges. It is one of the smallest countries in the world, with a territory of only 21 km².
Diplomatic relations with Brazil were established on November 2, 2005. Brazil and Nauru celebrated a technical cooperation agreement in June, 2009, which is currently awaiting Nauru’s ratification to become effective. Nauru’s government has manifested the interest in identifying activities for bilateral cooperation, particularly within the medical-hospital field, and areas such as information technology, water and basic sanitation.
Bilateral trade is limited and, since 2009, Brazil has shown a small deficit in its trade with Nauru. There is no information about the number of Brazilians living in Nauru.