Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Brazil recognized the independence of Mauritania in 1960. Diplomatic relations were established in 1961. Recently, bilateral relations have experienced intensification, with the visits of high level authorities, opening of Embassies in both capitals and signing of several agreements – among them, one on technical cooperation, which allowed both countries to start partnerships in agriculture and medicine. There has been a growing cooperation in defense. Brazil is a major supplier to the Mauritanian market. Mauritania has already acquired EMBRAER aircrafts.
Chronology of the Bilateral Relations
1960 - Brazil recognizes the independence of Mauritania
1961 – Establishment of diplomatic relations
2005 – The Minister for Science and Technology, Eduardo Campos, visits Nouakchott in the capacity of envoy of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
2005 – Prime-Minister Sghair Ould Bareck visits Brasília, on the occasion of the 1st Summit of South American and Arab Countries (ASPA), being received by the President at that time, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, on the sidelines of the summit.
2007 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, meets with the President of Mauritania, Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi, on the sidelines of the 62nd UN General Assembly
2010 – Opening of the Embassy of Brazil in Nouakchott
2011 – Signing of the Technical Cooperation Agreement
2012 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Antonio de Aguiar Patriota, visits Nouakchott; on the occasion three agreements were signed, including the Memorandum for the Creation of the Brazil-Mauritania Joint Committee
2013 – The Oceanic Patrol Ship APA, of the Brazilian Navy, visits Nouakchott