Republic of Lithuania
Brazil maintained diplomatic relations with Lithuania during the first independence period of that country, in the 1920’s and 1930’s. When Lithuania declared itself independent from the Soviet Union (1991), Brazil recognized it, and diplomatic relations were reestablished. The Embassy of Brazil in Copenhagen (Denmark) cumulatively represents Brazil to the Government of Lithuania.
Brazil and Lithuania have cooperated in the process to reform the global governance institutions and expressed mutual support for their candidacies in international organizations. Lithuania supported Brazil's bid for a permanent seat in a reformed United Nations Security Council, having co-sponsored the G4 (Brazil, Germany, India and Japan) draft resolution regarding the reform of that body. Brazil supported the candidacy of Lithuania to a non-permanent seat at the Security Council for the 2014-15 term.
In 2008, Brazil recognized Lithuania as a market economy under WTO's rules, along with other countries that joined the European Union in 2004. Bilateral trade has consistently increased in the past years, with a surplus for Brazil.
São Paulo is the second largest community of the Lithuanian diaspora in Latin America, second to Buenos Aires. Besides the Consulate-General located in the city of São Paulo, Lithuania has Honorary Consulates in Santana do Parnaíba (São Paulo) and in Rio de Janeiro. The Honorary Consul of Brazil in Vilnius was appointed in 2011 and has cooperated with the Embassy of Brazil in cultural events and trade promotion.
The Embassy has supported events geared to promoting Brazilian culture in Lithuania, with the participation of national artists in art exhibitions, movies exhibitions, and launching of books by Brazilian authors, translated to Lithuanian.
Chronology of the Bilateral Relations
1920-1930 – Establishment of a 30,000-odd Lithuanian community in São Paulo.
1921 – Brazil's recognition of the Independence of Lithuania
1991 – Brazil's recognition of the independence of Lithuania and reestablishment of diplomatic relations.
1993 – The Embassy of Brazil in Copenhagen (Denmark) begins to cumulatively represent Brazil to Lithuania.
1996 –President Algirdas Brazauskas visits Brazil (March), the first high level visit of a Lithuanian authority.
2002 – Minister of External Relations Celso Lafer pays a working visit to Lithuania (November). Signing of a bilateral agreement on visa exemption
2002 – Opening of the Lithuanian Embassy in Buenos, which cumulatively represents Lithuania to Brazil.
2008 –President Valdas Adamkus visits Brazil (July); on the occasion, a cultural cooperation agreement is signed
2009 – Secretary-General of External Relations, Ambassador Samuel Pinheiro Guimarães, has a bilateral meeting with Undersecretary Asta Liauskiene, on the margin of the European Union–Rio Group Ministerial Meeting (Prague)
2011 – Deputy Minister Liauskiene and the Undersecretary-General Ambassador Vera Machado hold Political Consultations in Brasília. Signing of the Memorandum of Understanding on Political Consultations, in force since 2011
2011 – Appointment of Honorary Consul of Brazil in Vilnius
2012 – Closing of the Lithuanian Embassy in Buenos Aires
2012 – The establishment of the Consulate-General of Lithuania in São Paulo is approved by the Brazilian Government (November)
2012 – The appointment of the Honorary Consul of Lithuania in Santana de Parnaíba (SP) is renewed
2013 – Opening of the Lithuanian Honorary Consulate in Rio de Janeiro is approved