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Libya

 

Brazil established its Embassy in Tripoli in 1974. Throughout the 1970s, the relation focused on the economic and commercial area. With the gradual international isolation of Libya in the 1980s and 1990s, bilateral relations lost intensity. The rapprochement began in 2000, with the end of sanctions by the UN. In 2003, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva visited Libya; it was the first visit by a Brazilian Head of State to that country.

The Libyan conflict which began in 2011 affected the bilateral relations once again. The visit to Libya by Undersecretary General for Political Affairs-III of the Foreign Ministry, in 2011, initiated a new process of rapprochement. In 2012, Libyan Vice-Prime Minister Omar Abdelkarim, visited Brazil. The Brazilian Embassy in Tripoli was reopened in June 2012.

Libya is a major destination for Brazilian investments in Africa. Libya has great interest in cooperation with Brazil in the fields of ​​investments, exchange of experiences in the democratic transition, training of officials and security.

 

Chronology of bilateral relations

 

1974 – Opening of the Embassy of Brazil in Tripoli

1987 – First Brazil -Libya Joint Commission

1992 – Sanctions imposed on Libya by the UN Security Council enter in force in Brazil. Brazil withdraws its Ambassador in Tripoli, keeping only a Chargé d’Affaires

2000 – Brazil once again designates an Ambassador in Tripoli

2001 – General Musta Kharubi, Special Envoy by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi visits Brazil

2001 – Senator Ney Suassuna (PMDB/PB) visits Libya and delivers a letter from President Fernando Henrique Cardoso to Colonel Gaddafi

2002 – Minister of Finance of Libya, Shukri Ghanem, visits Brazil

2003 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Libya

2004 –Minister- Head of the Brazilian Council on Economic and Social Development, Jacques Wagner, visits Libya

2006 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva meets with Muammar Gaddafi on the margin of the Africa - South America Summit

2007 –Marco Aurélio Garcia, Special Advisor to the President of the Republic, visits Tripoli and is welcomed by Colonel Gaddafi, to whom he delivers a Presidential Message (September)

2008– Executive Director of Petrobras, José Sérgio Gabrielli, visits Libya (March)

2008– Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, visits Libya (May)

2009– Minister for Development, Industry and Trade, Miguel Jorge visits Libya (January)

2009– Libyan Vice-Prime Minister, Imbarek Ashamikh, visits Brazil (February)

2009– Minister of Foreign Affairs Celso Amorim meets with his Libyan counterpart, Moussa Koussa, on the margin of 2nd South America - Arab Countries Summit (March)

2009– President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Libya, on the occasion of the 13th African Union Summit

2010– Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, visits Libya (July)

2011– Favorable vote by Brazil to the accreditation of the National Transitional Council as Libya's representative to the 66th Ordinary Session of the UN General Assembly, which meant, in practice, the formal recognition by Brazil of that entity as a legitimate representative of the Libyan people

2011 – Undersecretary-General for Political Affairs-III, Ambassador Paulo Cordeiro de Andrade Pinto, visits Libya (October)

2012 – Libyan Vice-Prime-Minister, Omar Abdelkarim, visits Brazil for the "Open Government Partnership" meeting (April)

2012 – Reopening of the Brazilian Embassy in Tripoli (June)

2013 – Libyan Minister for Oil, Abdullbari Al-Arousi, visits Brazil (February)

2013 – Vice-Prime Minister of Libya, Abdussalam Al-Qadi, visits Brazil (April)




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