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Republic of Indonesia

Established in 1953, relations between Brazil and Indonesia have been boosted in recent years, particularly after the exchange of presidential visits in 2008, when the Strategic Partnership between the two countries was signed – Brazil's only in Southeast Asia. The countries' relationship has benefited from affinities in several aspects: political convergent evolution (strengthening of democracy); similiarities regarding geographical (large territories with important biodiversity), human (large and multiethnic population) and social (challenge of overcoming inequalities) aspects.

The Plan of Action of the Strategic Partnership (2009) has given well-defined contours to the approximation between the two countries, including in the bilateral agenda issues such as renewable energies; defense; mining; social inclusion policies; academic and educational cooperation; scientific and technological cooperation; and themes at plurilateral and multilateral levels.

Brazil and Indonesia maintain several regular dialogue mechanisms:

- Political Consultations (the sixth meeting was held in Brasilia in 2013);
- Joint Commission (the second meeting was held in 2011);
- Consultative Committee on Agriculture;
- Working Group on Trade and Investment (the second meeting was held in 2013);
- Academic Forum;
- Bilateral Group on Economic and Social Issues.

In September 2012, on the sidelines of the 67th UN General Assembly, President Dilma Rousseff met with the President of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.

Memoranda of understanding in education, poverty eradication, agriculture, energy, ethanol production, and promotion of trade and investment are in force. In addition, Brazil and Indonesia have been developing, in recent years, an important partnership in defense, especially with sales of Super Tucano aircrafts and rocket launchers.

Since 2006 the Brazilian company Vale has had significant presence in the mining and processing of nickel in Indonesia, in the province of South Sulawesi. This represents one of the largest Brazilian investments in Asia and one of the largest foreign investments in Indonesia.

In 2015, two Brazilian nationals were executed in Indonesia for drug trafficking, despite great efforts undertaken by the Brazilian Government and international human rights organizations.

Cronology of bilateral relations

1953 – Creation of the Legation of Brazil in Jakarta (September)

1959 – President Sukarno visits Brazil (first Asian Head of State to officially visit Brazil)

1961 – Economic Declaration between Brazil and Indonesia is signed

1996 – Memorandum of Understanding to Establish Bilateral Consultations is signed

2000 – President Abdurrahman Wahid visits Brazil (October)

2001 – President Fernando Henrique Cardoso visits Indonesia (January)

2006 – Bilateral trade surpasses US$ 1 billion (US$ 1.13 billion)

2007 – Indonesian Electoral Commission delegation visits Brazil (February)

2007 – Minister of Foreign Affairs Celso Amorim attends, as G-20 coordinator, the G-33 meeting in Indonesia (March)

2007 – Minister of Foreign Affairs, Hassan Wirajuda, attends the Third Ministerial Meeting of FEALAC in Brasilia (August)

2007 – Chairman of the Commission on Foreign Affairs, Defense, Communication & Information of the Indonesian Parliament, Theo Sambuaga, visits Brazil (August)

2007 – President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono meet on the sidelines of the 62nd UN General Assembly (September)

2007 – Members of the Special Parliamentary Committee on the Mining and Mineral Coal Bill visit Brazil (October)

2007 – Minister Celso Amorim attends the UN Conference on Climate Change in Bali (December)

2008 – Minister of Agriculture, Anton Apryantono, visits Brazil (March)

2008 – Chairman of the Commission of Foreign Affairs and National Defense of the Federal Senate, Senator Heraclito Fortes, visits Indonesia (March)

2008 – Undersecretary-General for Political Affairs II of Itamaraty, Ambassador Roberto Jaguaribe, heads the Brazilian delegation to the Meeting on Bilateral Consultations in Jakarta (March)

2008 – President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva visits Indonesia (July)

2008 – Indonesian Minister of Trade, Mari Pangestu, visits Brazil (August)

2008 –President of the People's Representative Council of Indonesia, Agung Laksono, and Parliamentary delegation visit Brazil (September)

2008 – President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono visits Brazil (November 18-20)

2008 – Strategic Partnership is established (November)

2009 – Parliamentary Commission on Population, Health, Transmigration and Labor Force visits Brazil (June)

2009 – First Joint Commission meeting. The Plan of Action of the Strategic Partnership is adopted (October)

2010 – Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, Triyono Wibowo, visits Brazil and head the Indonesian delegation to the Third Meeting of the Alliance of Civilizations (May)

2010 – Presidential Senior Advisor Kuntoro Mangkusubroto (hierarchical level similar to the President's Chief of Staff, in Brazil) visits Brasilia and Manaus (September)

2010 – Undersecretary-General for Political Affairs II of Itamaraty, Ambassador Maria Edileuza Fontenelle Reis, visits Jakarta and attends the Fifth Meeting on Political Consultations (September)

2011 – Army Commander, General Enzo Peri, and Air Force Commander, Lieutenant General Juniti Saito, visit Jakarta to attend the "Jakarta International Defense Dialogue - JIDD" (March)

2011 – Governor of Indonesian province of Central Kalimantan, Teras Narang, visits Brasilia and Belem (March)

2011 – Indonesian section of the Parliamentary Group for Bilateral Cooperation visits Brazil (April)

2011 – Fifth Meeting of the Consultative Committee on Agriculture in Indonesia (May)

2011 – Undersecretary-General for Political Affairs II of Itamaraty, Ambassador Maria Edileuza Fontenelle Reis, visits Jakarta and attends the Second Meeting of the Joint Commission (October)

2011 – Indonesian Vice-Minister for National Planning, Dr. Lukita Tuwo visits Brazil (November)

2011 – Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Antonio de Aguiar Patriota, attends the 19th ASEAN Summit in Bali (November 16) [Atos adotados]

2012 – Indonesian Minister for Trade visits Brazil (March)

2012 – Indonesian Vice-Minister for Agriculture visits Brazil (April and November)

2012 – President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono attends Rio +20 Conference (June)

2012 – Secretary of Foreign Trade, Tatiana Prazeres, and business delegation visit Indonesia (July)

2012 – First Meeting of the Working Group on Trade and Investment in Jakarta (July)

2012 – Secretary-General of the Ministry of Defense of Indonesia visits Brazil (August)

2012 – President Dilma Rousseff and President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono meet on the sidelines of the 67th UN General Assembly (September)

2012 – Head of the Indonesian National Narcotics Committee visits Brazil (September)

2012 – Visit of the Vice-Minister for Defense of Indonesia (November)

2012 – Two Indonesian Parliamentary delegations come to Brazil (finance and infrastructure; November)

2012 –Vice-Minister for Education and Culture of Indonesia visits Brazil (December)

2012 – Indonesian Parliamentary delegation on Space Law visits Brazil (December)

2013 – Sixth Political Consultations Meeting in Brasilia (January)

2013 – Brazil's APEX/MRE trade intelligence mission (March)

2013 – Brazilian participation in JIDD 2013, in the defense area (March)

2013 – Brazilian Minister of the Environment, Izabella Teixeira, attends the fourth meeting of the UN Secretary-General's High Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda (March)

2013 – Indonesian National Innovation Committee, headed by two former Ministers (Bambang Kesowo, State Secretary, and Syafit Djamal, Transport) visits Brazil (May)

2013 – Agung Wicaksono, Director of "President's Delivery Unit for Development Monitoring and Oversight – UKP", on forest monitoring, visits Sao Paulo (June)

2013 – Second Meeting of the Working Group on Trade and Investment in Brasilia (September)

2013 – Indonesian Vice-Minister of Trade, Bayu Krisnamurthi, visits Brasilia (September)

2013 – Executive Secretary of the Brazilian Ministry of Culture, Marcelo Pedroso, attends the World Cultural Forum in Indonesia (November)

2013 – Minister of Foreign Affairs, Luiz Alberto Figueiredo Machado, attends the 9th WTO Ministerial Meeting in Bali, Indonesia, and holds bilateral meetings with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Marty Natalegawa, and the Minister of Commerce, Gita Wirjawan (December)

2014 – Secretary of International Affairs of the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply, Marcelo Junqueira, visits Indonesia (March)

2014 – Visit of the President of the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU – Brazil), Minister Augusto Ribeiro Nardes, to participate, in Jakarta and Lombok, in the 13th Steering Committee meeting of the INTOSAI (International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions) Working Group on Environmental Auditing (April)

2014 – Visit of Minister Herman Benjamim, of the Superior Electoral Court, to Jakarta (April)

2014 – Visit to Goiás of Indonesian Vice-Minister of Defense, Sjafrie Sjamsoeddin, for demonstrations of ASTROS in Formosa-GO (May)

2014 – Visit of the President of Superior Electoral Court (TSE), Minister José Antônio Dias Toffoli, to participate in the 7th Bali Democracy Forum (October)

2015 – Death penalty of the Brazilian Marco Archer is carried out in Jakarta (January)

2015 – Death penalty of the Brazilian Rodrigo Gularte is carried out in Jakarta (April)

2015 – Meeting between the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mauro Vieira, and his Indonesian counterpart, Retno Marsudi, at the margins of the 70th United Nations General Assembly (September)

2015 – Mission to Jakarta of the Department of International Negotiations (DEINT) of the Foreign Trade Bureau – SECEX/MDIC (October)

2017 – The Secretary-General of Itamaraty, Ambassador Marcos Galvão, participates in the ASEAN Day (August 29) [50 years of ASEAN] [Press statement of the Second ASEAN-Mercosur Ministerial Meeting]

2017 – Release of the final report of the WTO panel on the “Indonesia-Chicken” case, opened in 2015 (October 17)

2017 – Visit of Minister Aloysio Nunes Ferreira to Indonesia (Jakarta, May 11)

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