Republic of the Philippines
Brazil recognized the Philippines on the day of its independence, on July 4, 1946. The Embassy of Brazil in Manila was inaugurated in 1970 and the Philippines opened its Embassy in Brazil in 1965. Among the shared characteristics of the two countries are large population, social and regional disparities and biological megabiodiversity.
The intensification of relations between the two countries creates opportunities in sectors such as agriculture, renewable energy, mining and air services. In 2013, a Memorandum of Undestanding on Air Services was signed, which will allow Philippine Airlines flights between Manila and São Paulo.
Partnerships in social policies have also been an important axis of relations - the "Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program" (or "4P") was inspired by "Bolsa Familia". The Philippines have achieved good results with low cost anti-dengue fever program, theme of interest to Brazil. There is interest in strengthening initiatives in the field of combat against corruption and access to information.
Dialogue between Brazil and the Philippines has been carried out primarily through four fora:
- Bilateral Consultation Mechanism;
- Joint Committee on Bioenergy;
- Forum on Food Security and Nutrition;
- Joint Working Group on Agriculture.
Both countries give emphasis to multilateralism in their foreign policy. The Philippines support the Brazilian claim for a permanent seat in a reformed United Nations Security Council.
Chronology of bilateral relations
1946 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between Brazil and the Philippines
1965 – Inauguration of the Embassy of the Philippines in Brasilia
1970 – Inauguration of the Embassy of Brazil in Manila
2009 – President Gloria Arroyo visits Brazil