Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil recognized Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992, when it joined the United Nations, and diplomatic relations were established in 1995. In 2011 the Embassy of Brazil was established in Sarajevo and the first Brazilian Ambassador to the Republic presented his credentials to President Nebojša Radmanović.
In 1992 and 1995, Brazil sent 35 military observers and 10 police monitors to join the UN peacekeeping operation in the former Yugoslavia (UNPROFOR).
In 2009, the then Foreign Minister Sven Alkalaj made an official visit to Brazil. On the occasion, an Agreement on Visa Exemption for Diplomatic and Official Passports was signed (in force since May 2010). The Minister Alkalaj visited Brazil once again in 2010 to attend the World Forum of the Alliance of Civilizations and met with the then Brazilian Foreign Minister Celso Amorim on the sidelines of the Forum. Minister Amorim made an official visit to Sarajevo in June 2010, when an Agreement on Visa Waiver for Tourists was signed (in force since May 2013). After the visa requirement was abolished, there was an increase of Brazilian tourism in the country, including pilgrimages to the Catholic shrine of Medjugorje.
Even on a small-scale, trade between Brazil and Bosnia and Herzegovina grew by 1400% in the period 2002-2008, reaching the figure of US$ 27 million. Due to the international financial crisis, there has been a downward trend since 2009 – in 2015, bilateral trade amounted to US$ 6.7 million.
Since the opening of the Embassy in Sarajevo, the Brazilian culture has been constantly disseminated in the country. As Bosnia qualified for the 2014 World Cup, the local society's interest in Brazil doubled. To meet this demand, the Bosnian Government established a temporary Consulate in Rio de Janeiro during the World Cup.
Chronology of the Bilateral Relations
1992 – Brazil recognizes Bosnia and Herzegovina
1995 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between Brazil and Bosnia and Herzegovina
2009 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sven Alkalaj visits Brazil
2010 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sven Alkalaj, visits Brazil to attend the World Forum on the Alliance of Civilizations
2010 – Brazil establishes its Embassy in Sarajevo
2010 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Celso Amorim, visits Sarajevo
2014 – Establishment of a temporary Consulate of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Rio de Janeiro during the FIFA World Cup