Republic of Yemen
Before 1990, Brazil maintained diplomatic relations both with the Yemen Arab Republic and the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen. Front the merger of the two republics in the establishment of the Republic of Yemen, in 1990, the Embassy of Brazil in Riyadh (Saudi Arabia) became cumulatively responsible for representing the Brazilian government before Yemeni authorities.
Since 2012, Brazil participates in the ‘Friends of Yemen’ group, which brings together around 50 countries with the objective of raising international support to help the country cope with the many challenges it faces in economic, political, financial and security issues.
Bilateral trade has grown steadily in recent years (with the exception of 2011, as a result of the ‘Arab Spring’ events) registering surpluses for Brazil.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1880 – The armored corvette ‘Vital de Oliveira,’ training ship of the Brazilian Navy, visits the port of Aden, a British colony at the time, as a stopover of the first circumnavigation trip of the Brazilian Navy (April 14-19).
1951 – The training ship ‘Almirante Saldanha,’ of the Brazilian Navy, visits the port of Aden, at the time a British colony, as a stopover of a circumnavigation trip (September 8-11).
1963 – Brazilian military personnel integrate the United Nations Yemen Observation Mission (UNYOM), aimed at monitoring the demilitarized zone between Yemen and Saudi Arabia.
1982 – Braspetro announces that it will begin oil exploitation operations in South Yemen (January 30).
1984 – Brazil establishes diplomatic relations with the Yemen Arab Republic and the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen, in New York (May 7).
1984 – The Embassy of Brazil in Riyadh (Saudi Arabia) becomes concurrently accredited to the Yemen Arab Republic.
1985 – Braspetro starts operations in South Yemen, in the cities of Aden and Al Ghaydah.
1990 – Merging of the two Republics into the Republic of Yemen (May 22). The Embassy of Brazil in Riyadh becomes concurrently accredited to the Republic of Yemen.
1990 – During the crisis involving the invasion of Iraq by Kuwait, President Fernando Collor de Mello sends message to the President of Yemen, Ali Abdullah Saleh, requesting the Yemenite representative to manage the situation with Saddam Hussein in order to facilitate the release of Brazilian citizens retained in Iraq. The request was granted by the Yemenite Head of State.
2012 – Brazil joins the ‘Friends of Yemen’ group. The Ambassador of Brazil in Riyadh represented the country in the 3rd Ministerial Meeting of the group (May 23).
2012 – Brazil participates in the ministerial meeting of the ‘Friends of Yemen’ group, in New York, on September 27, in the margins of the 67th United Nations General Assembly.
2012 –Nobel Peace Prize winner, Yemenite Tawakkol Karman, is received in audience by President Dilma Rousseff, in Brasília (November 7).
2013 – Brazil participates in ministerial meeting of the ‘Friends of Yemen,’ in London (March).
2013 – Brazil participates in the 6th Ministerial Conference of the ‘Friends of Yemen,’ in New York, in the margins of the 68th United Nations General Assembly (September 25).