Ir direto para menu de acessibilidade.
Portal do Governo Brasileiro
Início do conteúdo da página

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela


Relations with Venezuela are a priority and they have become denser in the last decade. Some landmarks of this rapprochement are the lauching of the Strategic Partnership (2005), the establishment of regular presidential meetings (2007) and the incorporation of Venezuela to MERCOSUR (2012).

Venezuela is the first non-founder member of MERCOSUR to join the bloc as full member. With the ascension of Venezuela, MERCOSUR now extends from Patagonia to the Caribbean and covers about 70% of the population and 80% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of South America. In this context, and also due to the marked presence of the neighbor country in the region, the rapprochement with Venezuela assumes vital importance for Brazil in its pursuit of economic, political, social and cultural integration of the peoples of Latin America.

There are important operations of Brazilian companies in Venezuela, in the field of civil construction, for the country’s infrastructure, such as roads, hydroelectric power plants, subway lines and irrigation.

In addition to the areas in which Brazil traditionally offers technical and educational cooperation (health, agriculture, teaching of Portuguese, scholarships for undergraduate and graduate courses), relations with Venezuela have incorporated important range of projects propelled by representations of Brazilian agencies in Caracas, such as Embrapa, the Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) and the Federal Savings Bank (Caixa Econômica Federal). Testament to this innovative cooperation is the transference of Brazilian social technology developed in the program “Minha Casa, Minha Vida” to support the formulation of the Venezuelan equivalent “Gran Misión Vivienda”.


Chronology of Bilateral Relations

1826 – Gran-Colombia recognizes the independence of Brazil

1859 – Signed, in Caracas, Treat of Limits and Fluvial Navigation between Brazil and Venezuela (May)

1891 – Venezuela appoints its first permanent Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Domingos Santos Ramos, accredited in Rio de Janeiro (March)

1905 – Signed in Caracas, protocols related to the demarcation of frontiers between Brazil and Venezuela, as prescribed by the Treaty of 1859

1964 – Based on the Betancourt Doctrine (defense of the democratic regimes in the continent, of 1958), Venezuela severs diplomatic relations with Brazil

1966 – Diplomatic relations between Venezuela and Brazil are reestablished

1973 – President Emílio Médici and Rafael Caldera meet at border point “Marco BV-8” and follow to the border city Santa Elena do Uairén. It was the first visit of a Brazilian President to Venezuela. Basic Covenant of Technical Cooperation is signed (February)

1979 – President João Figueiredo visits Venezuela (November)

1981 – President of Venezuela Luís Herrera Campíns, visits Brazil (August)

1985 – President José Sarney visits Venezuela (September)

1986 – President Jaime Lusinchi visits Brazil (May)

1987 – President José Sarney visits Venezuela (October)

1989 – President José Sarney visits Venezuela (February)

1990 – Political Consultation Mechanism is established during the visit of Venezuelan Foreign Minister Reinaldo Planchart to Brazil.

1992 – President Carlos Andrés Pérez visits Brazil (November)

1994 – President Itamar Franco visits Venezuela and signs, with President Rafael Caldera, the Protocol of Guzmania, which creates the High Level Binational Commission (COBAN) (March)

1995 – President Fernando Henrique Cardoso visits Venezuela (July)

1996 – President of Venezuela, Rafael Caldera, visits Brazil (May)

1997 – Eletronorte and Electrificación del Caroní (EDELCA) sign purchase and sale contract of electricity from Venezuela to Brazil (April)

1998 – President Fernando Henrique Cardoso visits Venezuela (November)

1999 – President Hugo Chávez makes his first official visit to Brazil (May)

1999 – Economic Complementation Agreement n.o 39 (ACE 23) among Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela is signed (August)

1999 – President Hugo Chávez visits Brazil to meet with President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, in Manaus (September)

2000 – President Fernando Henrique Cardoso visits Venezuela (April)

2000 – President Hugo Chávez takes part in the 1st Summit of Presidents of South America. He holds bilateral meeting with President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, in Brasília (August/September)

2001 – President Hugo Chávez visits Brazil to meet with President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (April)

2001 – President Hugo Chávez presents formal request for the entry of his country in MERCOSUR, in the Asuncion Summit (June)

2001 – Presidents Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Huga Chávez inaugurate the electrical interconnection between Brazil and Venezuela (Linhão de Guri) with ceremonies in Santa Elena do Uairén and Boas Vista (August)

2003 – Created, by Brazilian initiative, the “Group of Friends of the OAS Secretary-General of for Venezuela" (January). The Group of Friends meets in Brasília (March)

2003 – Visit of President Hugo Chávez to Recife (April)

2003 – Visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Caracas and Puerto Ordaz (August)

2004 – Visit of President Hugo Chável to Manaus (September)

2004 – Signed Economic Complementation Agreement n.o 59 (ACE-59) among MERCOSUR, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela (October)

2005 – Visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Caracas. Strategic Alliance between Brazil and Venezuela is established (February)

2005 – First trilateral meeting between the Presidents of Brazil, Argentina and Venezuela, in Montevideo (March)

2005 – Visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Ciudad Guayana for quadripartite meeting Brazil/Venezuela/Colombia/Spain (March)

2005 – Meeting of the Presidents of Brazil, Venezuela and Argentina in Caracas (June)

2005 – Visits of President Hugo Chávez to Brasília (August)

2005 – Launch of the cornerstone of the binational refinery Abreu and Lima, in Suape (Pernambuco) with the presence of Presidents Hugo Chávez and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (December)

2006 – Visit of President Hugo Chávez to Brasília for trilateral meeting Brazil-Venezuela-Argentina (January)

2006 – Quadripartite meeting Brazil-Venezuela-Argentina-Bolivia in Puerto Iguazú, Argentina (May)

2006 – Signature of the Protocol of Adhesion of Venezuela to MERCOSUR in Caracas (June)

2006 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Ciudad Guayana and participates in the inauguration ceremonies of the second bridge over Orinoco River and in the end stage of qualification and certification of oil reserves of the Carabobo field (November)

2006 – President Hugo Chávez, reelected, visits Brazil (December)

2007 – Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Hugo Chávez hold bilateral meeting at the margin of the 32nd  MERCOSUR Summit, in Rio de Janeiro (January)

2007 – President Chávez visits Manaus to meet President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. Both decide to keep periodical meetings (September)

2007 – Visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Caracas (December).

2008 – Opening of offices of Embrapa and of the Brazilian Agency of Industrial Development’s (ABDI) in Caracas, to support the implementation of agricultural and industrial cooperation programs

2008 – Meeting of Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Hugo Chávez in Recife. The Joint Venture Agreement between Petrobras and PDVSA to build and operate the refinery Abreu and Lima (Pernambuco) is signed (March)

2008 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Caracas to meet with President Chávez.  The Presidents watch, by videoconference, the first soybean seeding in Venezuelan territory,  as a result of agricultural cooperation activities with the support of Embrapa (June)

2008 – Tripartite Meeting Brazil-Venezuela-Bolivia in Riberalta, Bolivia (June)

2008 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva receives President Hugo Chávez in Manaus for bilateral meeting and quadripartite meetings Brazil-Venezuela-Bolivia-Ecuador (September)

2009 – Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Hugo Chávez meet at the World Social Forum, in Belém. The Presidents of Ecuador, Bolivia and Paraguay also participate in the meeting (January)

2009 – Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Chávez meet at the headquarters of the “Socialist Agrarian Project Maracaibo Plain” in Zulia, Venezuela (January)

2009 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva receives President Chávez in Salvador (May)

2009 – The first phase of the optical fiber interconnection between Santa Elena do Uairén (Venezuela) and Boa Vista (September) is inaugurated

2009 – Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Chávez meet in Caracas and El Tigre, in the state of Anzoátegui (October)

2009 – Brazilian Congress approves the Protocol of Adhesion of Venezuela to MERCOSUR (December)

2010 – Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Hugo Chávez meet in Brasília.

2010 – Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Hugo Chávez meet in Caracas.

2011 – President Hugo Chávez attends the inauguration of President Dilma Rousseff (January)

2011Minister Antonio de Aguiar Patriota visits Caracas (February 7)

2011 – Presidents Dilma Rousseff and Hugo Chávez meet in Brasília (June 6)

2011 – Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs Antonio de Aguiar Patriota to Caracas, on occasion of the Bicentenary of the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence (July 5)

2011Visit to Venezuela of the Minister of Foreign Affairs Antonio de Aguiar Patriota (Caracas, November 7)

2011Presidents Dilma Rousseff and Hugo Chávez meet in Caracas (December 1)

2012Visit to Brazil of the Venezuelan Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nicolás Maduro Moros – Rio de Janeiro, June 2

2012 – Presidents Dilma Rousseff and Hugo Chávez meet at the occasion of the MERCOSUR Summit (July)

2012Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Antonio de Aguiar Patriota, to Venezuela (Caracas, November 1)

2013Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs to Venezuela (Caracas, February 9)

2013 – President Dilma Rousseff attends the exequies of President Hugo Chávez, in Caracas (March)

2013Visit to Brazil of the Venezuelan Minister of Foreign Affairs, Elías José Jaua Milano (Brasília, April 9)

2013 – President Dilma Rousseff attends the inauguration of President Nicolás Maduro, in Caracas (April 19)

2013Presidents Dilma Rousseff and Maduro meet in Brasília (May 9)

2014Visit of the Venezuelan Minister of Foreign Affairs, Elías Jaua, to Brazil (Brasilia, February 27)

2014 – Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs to Venezuela – April 15

2014Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs to Venezuela – April 24

2014 – Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs to Caracas – May 18-19

2014 – Visit of President Maduro to Brasilia, on the occasion of the Summit of BRICS-South American Countries and the Summit of Leaders from China and Latin America and Caribbean Countries (July 17)

2014 – President Dilma Rousseff travels to Caracas, on the occasion of the 46th Summit of Heads of State of MERCOSUR and Associate States (July 29)

2015 – President Maduro visits Brasilia, on the occasion of the inauguration ceremony of President Dilma Rousseff (January 1st)

2015 – Minister Mauro Vieira travels to Caracas, on the occasion of the meeting of the reduced Commission of Foreign Ministers of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) on the political situation in Venezuela (March 6)

2015 – Presidente Maduro visits Brasilia, on the occasion of the 48th Summit of Heads of State of MERCOSUR and Associate States (July 17)

2015 – Minister Mauro Vieira visits Caracas (September 5)

2016 – Visit to Brasilia of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Delcy Rodríguez, accompanied by the Minister of Economy, Luís Salas (January 29)

2016 – Visit of a Venezuelan Parliamentary Delegation (February 25)




Fim do conteúdo da página