Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Bilateral relations, established in 1951, were propelled after the visit of President Pervez Musharraf to Brazil (2004) and travel to Pakistan of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim (2005).
Brazil and Pakistan hold regular meetings of political consultations, in which the countries dialogue on bilateral initiatives and exchange views on themes of global interest. The most recent of these meetings was held in Islamabad, in 2012. The two countries traditionally keep fluid dialogue in multilateral economic fora, especially in regards to agriculture.
Technical cooperation is one of the main aspects of bilateral relations. A Basic Agreement on Technical Cooperation has been negotiated between the two countries. In 2012, Pakistan was included in the Students Program – Undergraduate Convention (PEC-G) and in the Students Programme – Postgraduate Convention (PEC-PG), which makes possible to Pakistani students to apply to undergraduate and postgraduate scholarships in the best Brazilian universities. In 2011, Brazil offered PhD scholarships in Brazilian institutions for ten Pakistani researchers.
Brazil is the main trading partner of Pakistan in Latin America. There is potential for diversifying the bilateral agenda in sectors such as aircrafts and, especially, biofuels, since Pakistan is seeking a new model of energy management.
In 2010, Brazil provided food aid to Pakistan, when floods devastated the country.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1951 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between Brazil and Pakistan
1968 – Signature of Cultural Cooperation Agreement between Brazil and Pakistan
2004 – Visit to Brazil of the President of Pakistan, Pervez Musharraf
2005 – Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, to Pakistan
2010 – Brazilian offering of help, in the form of food, on the occasion of floods in Pakistan