Sultanate of Oman
Diplomatic relations were established by Brazil with Oman in 1974, when the Brazilian Embassy in Saudi Arabia started representing Brazil, cumulatively, to the Sultanate of Oman. The Brazilian Embassy in Muscat was opened in 2008.
As far as bilateral relations, the presence of Brazilian companies is noteworthy, especially the investment of Vale mining company in establishing an iron ore processing plant in the industrial area of the port of Sohar, with an approximate value of US$ 2 billion. With regard to Brazil's economic interests in the Middle East, Oman has become increasingly important due to the increase of the volume of Brazilian exports to that country. In 2012, trade exchange exceeded US$ 1.1 billion – an increase of 900% over that of 2009 – making Oman the third largest market of Brazilian exports in the Arabian Peninsula.
Chronology of bilateral relations
1974 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between Brazil and Oman. The Brazilian Embassy in Saudi Arabia, cumulatively, represents Brazil to the Sultanate of Oman
2005 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, visits Muscat
2008 – The Embassy of Brazil in Muscat is opened
2008 – An agreement is signed by Vale and the Omani Government for the construction of an iron ore pelletizing plant
2008 – The Minister for Commerce and Industry, Maqbool Ali Sultan, and the Minister of Economy, Ahmed Macki, visit Brazil
2010 – The Embassy of Oman in Brazil is opened
2012 – The Minister for Social Development of Oman, Mohammed al Kalbani, visits Brazil
2012 – The Minister for the Environment of Oman, Mohammed Salim Altobi, visits Brazil, leading the Omani delegation to the Rio+20 Conference
2013 – The Vice President of the Republic, Michel Temer, visits Oman, accompanied by a business delegation. First bilateral agreements between the countries are signed
2013 – Delegation led by the Secretary of Commerce and Services of the Ministry for Development, Industry, and Foreign Trade, Humberto Ribeiro, visits Oman
2013 – The Minister for Education of Oman visits Brazil
2016 – The Secretary General of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Sérgio França Danese, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ad Interim, and Ambassador of Oman in Brazil, Mr. Khaled Said Salem Al-Jaradi, have sign a Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Investment Promotion (February 4)