Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Myanmar were established in 1982. Since 1996, Myanmar maintains resident Embassy in Brasilia - its only diplomatic representation in Latin America. The Embassy of Brazil in Yangon was installed in 2010, when Myanmar was preparing for its first parliamentary elections since 1990.
Between 2000 and 2008, – period when the military regime was still in force –Brazilian diplomat Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro was appointed, in his personal capacity, UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar.
The opening of the political regime in Myanmar and the renewal of dialogue with the international community encourage the development of bilateral cooperation initiatives. In this context, Brazil and Myanmar established political consultation mechanism (2012). In 2013, Technical Cooperation Agreement was signed, which will allow bilateral partnerships in areas such as: agriculture; food security and social policies; health (production of antivenom); air transport; renewable energy (hydroelectricity); software; finances; the legislative process; education; human resources; and sports.
The Vice-President of Myanmar, Sai Mauk Kham, visited Brazil in 2012, when he attended the Rio +20 Conference and had meeting with Vice-President Michel Temer. In 2013, the Minister of the Superior Court of Justice, Antonio Herman Benjamin, visited Myanmar. That same year, a mission led by the Director of the Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC) visited the country in order to identify opportunities in sectors for bilateral partnerships.
Since 2012, several missions of Brazilian businessmen to the country have been held. There are opportunities for Brazilian investments in sectors such as infrastructure, transportation, hydroelectric power plants, hydrocarbon exploration and mining. Bilateral trade reached U.S. $ 18.2 million in 2012. Brazil exports mainly sugar and imports baskets and hats.
In 2012, Brazil donated US$ 120 thousand to Myanmar as humanitarian assistance to the crisis in the Rakhine State, operation performed by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
Chronology of bilateral relations
1982 – Establishment of diplomatic relations
1996 – Opening of the Embassy of Myanmar in Brasília
2001 – Visit to Brazil of the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs, U Khin Maung Win,
2007 – Visit to Brazil of the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Kyaw Thu, and of the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, U Maung Myint
2008 – Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nyan Win, visits Brazil
2010 – Opening of the Embassy of Brazil in Yangon
2012 – Signature of Memorandum of Understanding for the Establishment of Political Consultation Mechanism;
2012 – Brazil donates US$ 120,000 to Myanmar, through the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNHCR, as part of humanitarian assistance to the crisis in the Rakhine State.
2012 – Vice-President of Myanmar, Dr. Sai Mauk Kham, visits Brazil to attend the Rio+20 Conference
2013 – Signature of Technical Cooperation Agreement
2013 – The Minister of the Superior Court of Justice, Antonio Herman Benjamin, visits Myanmar
2013 – Missions of the Brazilian Cooperation Agency, of the Butantan Institute and of the Federal University of Lavras to Myanmar