Brazil and Mongolia established diplomatic relations in 1987. The Brazilian Embassy in Beijing (China) is cumulatively responsible for representing the country before Mongolia. Brazil maintains Honorary Consulate in Ulan Bator since 2007; Mongolia has an Honorary Consul in São Paulo since 2005. In 2013, the opening of a resident Embassy in Brasilia was approved by the Mongolian Parliament.
With vast territory, Mongolia has the potential for agricultural and livestock development. In 2011, Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the Ministries of Agriculture of the two countries for cooperation in the areas of plant and animal health. There are also initiatives in the field of sports cooperation, such as training of athletes in Brazilian organizations. The implementation of scholarship program on higher education for Mongolian students in Brazil, especially in the areas of exact sciences and economy, is under examination.
In 2010, Brazil made a humanitarian donation of USD 100,000 to Mongolia through the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), to provide assistance on the occasion of the ‘dzud’ phenomenon (strong summer drought, followed by severe winter) in 2009-2010. Brazil also donated USD 350,000 to the Asian country through the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
Trade between the two countries is still limited. Between 2003 and 2012, it rose from USD 128,700 to USD 4,2 million, with a surplus for Brazil. There is potential for business increase in the areas of mining and agriculture.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1987 – Establishment of diplomatic relations.
2003 – Prime Minister Nambaryn Enkhbayar visits Brazil on the occasion of the Socialist International Congress.
2005 – The Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade, Tsagaandari Enhtuvshin, visits Brazil to obtain information on the Brazilian experience in the area of mining.
2007 – The Secretary of State of the Mongolian Foreign Ministry, Khasbazaryn Bekhbat, visits Brazil. Establishment of the Regular Mechanism of Political Consultations.
2008 – Brazil-Mongolia Friendship Group is created in the Parliament of Mongolia.
2010 – 1st Meeting of the Regular Mechanism of Political Consultations in Ulan Bator.
2010 – Donation of USD 100,000 through the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide humanitarian assistance to victims of the ‘dzud’; Donation of USD 350,000 through the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
2011 – Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministries of Agriculture of the two countries, for cooperation in the areas of plant and animal health.
2012 – 2nd Meeting of the Regular Mechanism of Political Consultations in Brasilia.
2012 – President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj visits Brazil to receive the "Champions of the Earth" Award, granted by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).
2013 – The Political Undersecretary General for Asia and Oceania of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Brazil visits Mongolia, on the occasion of the 7th Ministerial Conference of the Community of Democracies.