State of Kuwait
Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Kuwait were established in 1968, when the Embassy of Brazil in Cairo (Egypt) started to cumulatively represent Brazil to the Kuwaiti authorities. Brazil established its Embassy in the Emirate in 1975 – and, in that same year, Kuwait established its diplomatic representation in Brasília. In 2012, trade between the two countries exceeded US$ 1.2 billion.
Kuwait’s invasion by Iraq (1990) and the subsequent Gulf War deeply changed the panorama of bilateral relations: focused on the economic- commercial aspect until that time, dialogue between the two countries gained greater political density, in particular in the periods 1993-1994 and 1998-99, when Brazil held a non-permanent seat in the UN Security Council.
Chronology of bilateral relations
1968 – Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Kuwait are established. Embassy of Brazil in Cairo starts to cumulatively represent Brazil to the Kuwaiti authorities
1975 – Opening of the Brazilian Embassy in Kuwait
1975 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, who is currently the Emir of Kuwait, Sheikh Sabah al Hamed al Jaber al Sabah, visits Brazil. Agreement on Cooperation creating a Bilateral Joint Commission is signed (March)
1975 – Opening of the Kuwaiti Embassy in Brasília (August)
1977 – 1st Joint Commission Meeting (May)
1979 – 2nd Joint Commission Meeting (May)
1983 – The Minister of Finance, Antônio Delfim Neto, visits Kuwait to address the refinancing of the foreign debt (December)
1986 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Roberto de Abreu Sodré, visits Kuwait. It was the first visit of a Brazilian Foreign Minister to the Emirate
1992 – The Emir of Kuwait, Sheikh Jaber al Ahmad al Sabah, visits Brazil, heading his country delegation at the Rio-92 Conference
2002 – The Secretary General of Foreign Affairs, Osmar Chohfi, visits Kuwait, and meets the Foreign Minister Mohammed al Sabah and the Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Khalid al Jarralah. Memorandum of Understanding for establishing bilateral political consultations is signed (May)
2005 – Minister of Foreign Affairs Celso Amorim visits Kuwait, and is welcomed by the Prime Minister, who is currently the Emir of Kuwait, Sheikh Sabah al Ahmad al Sabah. Brazilian business seminar is held at that time. Bilateral Agreement on Cultural Cooperation is signed (February)
2005 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sheikh Mohammed Sabah al Salem al Sabah, visits Brasília, heading the Kuwaiti delegation at the 1st Summit of South-American- Arab Countries, ASPA (May)
2010 – Seminar held in Kuwait by the Arab-Brazilian Chamber of Commerce (CCAB), in partnership with the Ministry for Tourism of Brazil and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Kuwait (April).
2010 – The Prime Minister of Kuwait, Sheikh Nasser al Sabah, visits Brasília, and is hosted by President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (July)
2012 – Sheikh Amthal al Ahmad al Jaber al Sabah, Kuwait’s Emir's sister, heads the Kuwaiti delegation at the Rio+20 Conference (June)