Islamic Republic of Iran
Established in 1903, relations between Brazil and Iran have been strengthened in the past years, as shown by the bilateral initiatives and the visits of high-level authorities from both countries since 2008. During this period, an exchange of Presidential visits took place (of President Luís Inácio Lula da Silva to Iran in 2010, and of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to Brazil in 2009) and several Ministerial visits from both sides. In 2015, bilateral relations gained momentum with the visits to Tehran of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mauro Vieira, and of the Minister of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, Armando Monteiro, at a time of major reconfiguration of Iran's international insertion, after the conclusion of the agreement on the country´s nuclear program.
Brazil celebrated the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA), signed between the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and Iran, on July 2015. The agreement, which withdraws the Iranian nuclear issue of the UN Security Council's agenda, represents an important victory of diplomacy over the use of force in the international dispute settlement, and establishes principles defended by Brazil since 2010, when the country articulated the joint initiative with Turkey and Iran for the solution of the Iranian nuclear issue. The Tehran Declaration, signed on the occasion, aimed at building trust and allowing the unlocking of negotiations between P5+1 and Iran, but was never implemented due to the approval, shortly after, of a new round of sanctions against Iran proposed by the United States in the UN Security Council.
At the bilateral level, Brazil and Iran keep several initiatives for cooperation in areas of common interest, such as energy (hydroelectricity and renewable energies), science and technology, industrial qualification, social themes, education, sports, and culture.
Iran has become an important partner of Brazil in the past years. From 2002 to 2009, bilateral trade flow increased from US$ 500 million to US$ 1.24 billion. In 2010, Iran became the second largest purchaser of meat from Brazil, second only to Russia and in 2012 trade reached US$ 2.18 billion. The international sanctions against Iran since 2012 over its nuclear program have hindered bilateral trade, reduced to US$ 1.44 billion in 2014. With the lifting of sanctions resulting from the JCPoA, bilateral trade is expected to resume the path of growth it came treading since 2009.
Chronology of bilateral relations
1903 – Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Iran are established.
1965 – Visit of Shah Reza Pahlavi to Brazil
1976 – The Minister for Finance, Mário Henrique Simonsen, visits Iran
1991 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Francisco Rezek, visits Iran
1993 – Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Velayati visits Brazil and heads his country's delegation to the 3rd Bilateral Joint Commission Meeting
2000 – The 1st Meeting on Political Consultations is held in Tehran
2002 – The Minister for Culture, Francisco Weffort, visits Iran and attends the “Dialogue of Civilizations” meeting
2005 – The Minister for Agriculture of Iran, Mahmoud Hojjat, visits Brazil
2005 – The Minister for Economy and Finance of Iran, Feyed Safdar Hosseini, visits Brazil and meets with President Luís Inácio Lula da Silva
2005 – Official Visit of Ambassador Said Jalili to Brazil, as an envoy of President Ahmadinejad
2006 – The Iranian Parliament Chairman, Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel, visits Brazil
2008 – 4th Meeting on Political Consultations is held in Brasília
2008 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim, visits Iran
2009 – The Iranian Minister of Cooperatives, Mohammad Abbassi, visits Brazil
2009 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Iran, Manouchehr Mottaki, visits Brazil
2009 – President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visits Brazil, and is hosted by President Luís Inácio Lula da Silva
2010 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Iran, the first visit of a Brazilian president to that country. Signing of the Tehran Declaration, about the Iranian nuclear program, endorsed by Brazil, Turkey and Iran
2012 – President Ahmadinejad attends the Rio+20 Conference
2013 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Antonio de Aguiar Patriota, visits Iran to attend the inauguration of President Hassan Rouhani
2014 – The Chairman of the Strategic Council on Foreign Affairs of Iran, Seyed Kamal Kharrazi, visits Brazil
2015 – Visit to Iran of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Mauro Vieira (September)
2015 – Visit to Iran of the Minister of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, Armando Monteiro (October)
2016 – Visit to Tehran of the Undersecretary General for Political Affairs III, Ambassador José Alfredo de Graça Lima, to preside, with the Deputy Minister for European and American Affairs, Ambassador Majid Takht Ravanchi, the meeting of the Brazil-Iran Mechanism of Political Consultations (April 11)