Cooperative Republic of Guyana
Brazil and Guyana share 1.605 km of borders and have a longstanding friendly relationship, deepened from the 1990’s with the increasing number of Brazilians who took up residence in the neighboring country. In 2001, a “Partial Scope Agreement” was signed between Brazil and Guyana, which entered into force in 2004, establishing tariff reductions for several items. In 2009, the bridge over the Tacutu River, the first land link between the two countries, was inaugurated. In 2012, Guyana became an Associate State to MERCOSUR.
Currently, one of the main themes of the bilateral relationship concerns integration and infrastructure development. The “Brazil-Guyana Joint Commission for the Development of Infrastructure Projects”, established in 2013, aims at the exploitation of the hydro-electric power and seaport potential of Guyana, in integration with Northern Brazil.
Brazil has also cooperated with Guyana in the participation in regional and multilateral fora: Brazil supported the Guyanese pro tempore Presidency of UNASUR, in 2011, and the two countries share a seat at the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Technical cooperation and capacitation in defense and police force programs are frequent.
The Brazilian community in Guyana is estimated at about 15 to 20 thousand people, many of whom linked to mineral exploration. On the other side, the estimated number of Guyanese citizens living in Boa Vista, Capital of Roraima, is 38 thousand.
Chronology of bilateral relations
1904 – The King of Italy, Victor Emanuel III, discloses, on June 6, arbitration award on the question of the British Guyana (or question of Pirara) between Brazil and the United Kingdom, dividing the disputed territory as follows: 3/5 to the UK and 2/5 to Brazil
1936 – Signature of the Tri-junction Point Agreement between Brazil, the Netherlands and England, to regulate the border between Brazil, Suriname and Guyana
1968 – Mission of the government of Guyana, headed by Prime-Minister Ptolemy Reid, in the first high level contact between the two countries. On the occasion, a cultural agreement was signed and the establishment of diplomatic relations was formalized
1971 – Minister of Foreign Affairs Mário Gibson is the first Brazilian and Latin American Foreign Minister to visit Guyana. On the occasion, the establishment of economic cooperation and a cultural convention are agreed and technological cooperation in the field of transport starts
1982 – Signature, in January, of the Agreement on the Construction of an International Bridge over the Tacutu River
1982 – Minister of Foreign Affairs Saraiva Guerreiro visits Guyana and the Guyanese Foreign Minister visits Brazil. Signature of Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation, Basic Technical Cooperation Agreement, Basic Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation and a memorandum on the interconnection of the Brazilian and Guyanese road systems
1982 – Visit to Brazil of the President of Guiana, Forbes Burnham
1988 – President José Sarney visits Guyana
1993 – Visit of President Cheddi Jagan to Brasilia
2002 – Visit of Foreign Minister Rudolph Insannaly to Brasilia. Establishment of the Brazil-Guyana Bilateral Political Consultations Mechanism
2003 – Working visit of President Jagdeo to Brazil (July 30)
2005 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Guyana (February 15)
2007 – The works of the Bridge over the Tacatu River are resumed
2007 – President Lula visits Georgetown to participate in the Rio Group Summit Meeting (March 2 and 3)
2007 – The Interior Minister of Guyana, Clement Rohee, visits Brasilia (September)
2008 – President Bharrat Jagdeo participates, in May, in the Extraordinary Meeting of Heads of States where the Constitution Treaty of UNASUL was signed, in Brasília
2008 – President Bharrat Jagdeo participates in regional Summit Meetings (Rio Group, UNASUR and CALC) at Costa do Sauípe, Bahia (December)
2009 – The bridge over the Tacutu River opens to the traffic of people and vehicles in July and is inaugurated by the Presidents of Brazil and Guyana (September 14)
2009 – The I Meeting of the Border Committee is held in November, in Boa Vista
2010 – President Bharrat Jagdeo visits Brasilia. Signature of the Memorandum of Understanding on phytosanitary safety of products of vegetal origin
2011 – Visit of Minister of Foreign Affairs Antonio Patriota to Georgetown, where meetings with then President Bharrat Jagdeo and his counterpart Carolyn Rodrigues-Birkett are held (August)
2012 – Foreign Minister Carolyn Rodrigues-Birkett visits Brasilia to meet her counterpart. Signature of Memorandum of Understanding between Brazil and Guyana on infrastructure projects (Brasilia, February 6-7)
2013 – At the Mercosul Summit, Guyana and Suriname become Observers members of the mechanism
2015 – President David Granger visits Brasilia and holds meeting with President Dilma Rousseff, on the occasion of the MERCOSUR Summit
2016 – Visit of Minister Mauro Vieira to Georgetown, when he is received by the President of Guyana, David Granger, keeps a working meeting with Foreign Minister Carl Greenidge, and visits the Secretary-General of CARICOM, Ambassador Irwin LaRocque (March 2)
2017 – Visit to Brazil of the President of Guiana, David Arthur Granger (Brasilia, December 20-21)