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Republic of Ecuador


Relations between Brazil and Ecuador are going through a period of growing dynamism with intense coordination. Brazil and Ecuador are partners both in the bilateral field and in regional forums, particularly UNASUL, CELAC and OTCA. Ecuador is a strategic partner in process of South American integration. The headquarters of the General Secretariat of UNASUL are located in Quito.

From the economic point of view, the multimodal integration project of the Manta-Manaus Axis should be stressed. The project is still under study and would link the port of Manta, in the Pacific Ocean, to the port of Providência, on the Napo River, from where it would be possible to proceed by river to Tabatinga and Manaus (AM), after crossing the Peruvian territory.  If implemented, the Axis will make possible the increase of commercial exchanges and may contribute to foster the economies of the North and Center-West of Brazil, especially at the Manaus Customs Free Zone. It may also be an alternative to the transportation of goods through the Panama Canal, which would make Brazilian exports to Asia more competitive.

Dialogue and bilateral cooperation with Ecuador are intense, especially in the social, migratory and educational areas. The two countries work in close coordination in the fight against irregular migration networks that act in the region. Brazil is among the countries that have sent most missions to Brazil in order to promote cooperation in social issues, chiefly policies of combat to hunger, extreme poverty and child malnutrition.

Chronology of bilateral relations

1844 – Brazil and Ecuador established diplomatic relations in November, when Emperor D. Pedro II appointed Manuel Cerqueira Lima as Chargé d’Affaires to the governments of Nova Granada (present-day Colombia) an Ecuador, with residence in Bogota

1873 – The resident diplomatic legation of Brazil in Quito opened (January)

1904 – The Border Treaty signed between Brazil e Ecuador defined the Tabatinga-Apapóris line as the limit, in an area still under dispute with Peru (May 6)

1922 – Agreement on the boundaries between Colombia and Peru leaves Ecuador without a border with Brazil

1942 – Signature, in Rio de Janeiro, in January, of the Peace Protocol between Peru and Ecuador, with Argentina, Brazil, Chile and the United States as guarantors

1982 – President Osvaldo Hurtado makes the first official visit of an Ecuadorian Head of State to Brazil

1988 – President José Sarney makes the first visit of a Brazilian Head of State to Ecuador

1998 – Signature by the Presidents of Peru, Alberto Fujimori, and Ecuador, Jamil Mahuad, in Brasília, of the Peru-Ecuador Peace Agreement, thus ending the conflict about the non-demarcated border at the Condor mountain range. The agreement established a demilitarized zone and two ecological parks in the region (October 26)

2003 – Visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Ecuador (January)

2003 – Visit of the President of Ecuador, Lúcio Gutiérrez, to Brazil (May 27)

2004 – New visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Quito (August 24-25)

2005 – Brazil grants asylum to ex-President Lúcio Gutiérrez, after he seeked refuge at the Embassy of Brazil in Quito (April)

2005 – Gutiérrez renounced the asylum and returned to his country (October)

2005 – Visit of the Minister of State of External Relations, Ambassador Celso Amorim, to Quito (August 16-17)

2006 – Visit of the Minister of State of External Relations, Ambassador Celso Amorim, to Ecuador (January 18)

2006 – Visit of the President-elect of Ecuador, Rafael Correa, to Brasília (December 8)

2007 – Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ecuador, María Fernanda Espinosa, to Brazil (March 26)

2007 – State visit of President Rafael Correa to Brazil (April 4)

2007 – Presidents Lula and Correa meet in Manaus (September 30)

2007 – The Minister of State of External Relations, Ambassador Celso Amorim, is received in Quito, during his visit by President Rafael Correa and by the Minister of Defense of Ecuador, María Fernanda Espinosa (October 4-5)

2008 – Visit of President Rafael Correa to Brazil to seek support in the crisis between his country and Colombia (March 4-5)

2008 – Start of operation, in August, of the regular air route Guayaquil-Manaus-Quito, by the Ecuadorian state company TAME. In December the route was discontinued as economically not viable

2008 – Visit to Brazil, of the Minister of Defense of Ecuador, Javier Ponce (September)

2009 – Visit of Minister of Foreign Affairs Fander Falcono to Brasília to meet the Minister of State of External Relations, Ambassador Celso Amorim (August 24)

2011 – Visit of the Minister of State of External Relations, Ambassador Antonio Patriota, to Quito (July 15)

2011 – Minister of Foreign Affairs Patiño holds a bilateral meeting with the Minister of State of External Relations, Ambassador Antonio Patriota, in Manaus, on the sidelines of the XI Meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of OTCA (November 22)

2012Visit of Minister of Foreign Affairs Patiño to Brasília in order to participate in the meeting of the Bilateral Consultations Mechanism with the Minister of State of External Relations, Ambassador Antonio Patriota (April 30)

2012 – Visit of President Rafael Correa to Brazil in order to participate in the Rio+20 Summit (July)

2012 – Visit of President Rafael Correa to Brazil to participate in the Mercosul Summit in Brasília (December)

2013Minister of Foreign Affairs Patiño takes part in a working dinner with the Minister of State of External Relations, Ambassador Antonio Patriota, in Brasília, to deal with the question of the reform of the Inter-American System for Human Rights. The visit took place in the context of a tour of Minister Patiño to South-American countries (March) 

2013Visit of the Minister of State of External Relations, Ambassador Antonio Patriota, to Quito to participate in a meeting of the Bilateral Consultations Mechanism with Foreign Minister Patiño. Next, he participated in a meeting of Minister of Foreign Affairs of OTCA, in Coca (May)

2013 – Vice-President Michel Temer participates in the inauguration ceremony of President Correa (May)

2013 – President Dilma Rousseff holds bilateral meeting with President Rafael Correa on the margins of the UNASUL Summit (Paramaribo, August 30)

2014 –  Visit of Foreign Minister Patiño to Brasília in order to meet the Minister of State of External Relations, Ambassador Luiz Alberto Figueiredo (January)

2014 – Visit of President Rafael Correa to Brazil to participate in the World Cup opening ceremony (June)

2014 – Visit of President Rafael Correa to Brazil on the occasion of the BRICS-South American Countries and the CELAC-China Summits. He also visited São José dos Campos, São Paulo and Brasília (July)

2015 – Visit of the Vice-President of Ecuador, Jorge Glas, to Brasília on the occasion of the inauguration of President Dilma Rousseff. The Ecuadorian Vice-President also meets Vice-President Michel Temer (January)

2015 – Minister Mauro Vieira travels to Quito on the occasion of the extraordinary meeting of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of UNASUL on the situation in Venezuela (March 14)

2015 Minister Mauro Vieira travels to Quito on the occasion of the meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of CELAC. The Foreign Ministers of Brazil and Ecuador meet on the sidelines of the event (May)

2015 Meeting between Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru to promote safe migration in South America (July 13-14)

2016President Dilma Rousseff travels to Quito in order to hold a bilateral meeting with President Rafael Correa on January 26 and participate in the IV Summit of CELAC (January 26-27)

2018Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Human Mobility of Ecuador, José Valencia, to Brazil (Brasília, August 17)




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