Republic of Cuba
Relations between Brazil and Cuba go through a particularly good time. Politically, both countries converge on the importance of regional integration and defend common positions in major international fora. The relevance attached by Cuba to regional integration is evidenced by its role in the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC). Cooperation between Brazil and Cuba has generated results that also benefit third countries, such as Haiti.
President Dilma Rousseff made two official visits to Cuba, the most recent in January 2014 – occasion at which she inaugurated, along with President Raul Castro, works to modernize the Port of Mariel, executed by Brazilian company with funding from the National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES) in the export of domestic goods and services. The venture, which became the first container terminal port in the Caribbean, generated about 156,000 direct, indirect and induced jobs in the Brazilian territory, according to estimates by the Brazilian company responsible for the work. As the main port of Cuba, Mariel is essential for the insertion of the Caribbean country in the global economy. The projected deployment of a Special Development Zone (SDZ) in the region of Mariel, export-oriented, can stimulate increased participation of Brazilian companies in Cuba.
Recent deepening of bilateral relations is also expressed through the participation of Cuban professionals in the "More Doctors" program, from the second half of 2013. Cuba fulfills the requirement to participate in the program – to have more than 1.8 doctors per thousand inhabitants. In 2013, about four thousand Cuban doctors arrived in Brazil.
Between 2003 and 2013, Brazil-Cuba bilateral trade has grown almost 580%, from U.S. $ 91.99 million to $ 624.79 million. In the same period, exports from Brazil to Cuba increased 736%, from U.S. $ 69.61 million to $ 582.17 million; Brazil's imports from Cuba grew 332%, from $ 22.38 million in 2003 to U.S. $ 96.62 million in 2013.
Chronology of bilateral relations
1906 – Establishment of diplomatic relations with Cuba
1959 – Brazilian government recognizes the revolutionary government of Cuba
1961 – Ernesto “Che” Guevara is awarded with the Order of the Southern Cross
1962 – Brazil abstains in the vote which resulted in the expulsion of Cuba from the OAS - Punta del Este Conference
1964 – Brazilian Government breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba
1985 – Contacts between the Cuban and the Brazilian Governments are initiated, off the record
1986 – Restoration of diplomatic relations (June)
1987 – Foreign Minister Abreu Sodré visits Cuba
1989 – President Fidel Castro visits Brazil
1990 – Brazil starts to abstain in votes on human rights in Cuba under the Human Rights Commission of the UN
2002 – Establishment of Brazil-Cuba Political Consultation Mechanism
2003 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Cuba, occasion on which 12 cooperation instruments are signed
2003 – Signature of Protocol on recognition of diplomas in healthcare
2004 – Granting of credit lines for Cuban food imports from Brazil
2006 – Foreign Minister Celso Amorim participates in the 14th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement in Havana
2006 – Signature of Supplementary Agreement on Titles of Medicine in Havana
2008 – Second visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Havana, occasion in which cooperation agreements on medicine, geology and agriculture are signed (January)
2008 – Foreign Minister Celso Amorim visits Cuba, occasion in which he participates in business events and meets with President Raúl Castro, among other interlocutors (May)
2008 – Third visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Havana, with the inauguration of the Business Centre of APEX. Cuba declares support to the Brazilian bid for a permanent seat in the Security Council of the United Nations (October)
2008 – In his first visit to Brazil, President Raúl Castro participates in the Summit of Heads of State and Government of Latin America and the Caribbean on Integration and Development (CALC), in Costa do Sauipe, and makes state visit to Brasilia (December)
2010 – Forth visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Cuba (February)
2013 – Visit to Brazil of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cuba, Bruno Eduardo Rodríguez Parrilla (May 6)
2013 – Inauguration of weekly direct flight between Havana and São Paulo, by the airline company Cubana de Aviación (July)
2015 – Minister Mauro Vieira makes his first official visit to Cuba, where he holds work meetings with Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez Parilla and with the Minister of Foreign Trade and Investment, Rodrigo Malmierca Díaz (November 25)