Republic of Costa Rica
Brazil and Costa Rica established diplomatic relations in 1906. Due to its long democratic tradition and active international role, Costa Rica represents a factor of stability and balance in the Central American isthmus and a relevant partner to Brazil.
Brazil and Costa Rica foreign policies share certain similarities, including positions on neutrality, non-intervention and the peaceful settlement of disputes. The country also demonstrates a commitment to conservation of the environment, protection and promotion of human rights, support for democracy, disarmament, regional integration and trade liberalization.
The bilateral agenda has benefited from agreements between the two countries on the candidacies for international organizations and similar positions on specific matters, such as the Venezuelan crisis. Another positive aspect is the visit to Brazil of the then foreign minister Manuel González Sanz, in 2018, who held a successful meeting with his counterpart Aloysio Nunes Ferreira on the occasion of the World Economic Forum on Latin America, in São Paulo.
In 2017, bilateral trade totaled US$ 335.2 million, 4.5 percent below the 2016 result. Brazilian exports reached US$ 277.7 million (82.8 percent of the total trade flow) while imports amounted US$ 57.5 million. Bilateral trade balance accounted for a Brazilian surplus of US$ 220.2 million.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1906 – President Afonso Pena signs a decree establishing the legations of Brazil in Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
1953 – The diplomatic representation in San Jose is elevated to embassy status
2000 – Visit of president Fernando Henrique Cardoso, the first of a Brazilian leader to Costa Rica
2008 – Visit of president Oscar Arias to Brazil
2009 – Visit of president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Costa Rica
2014 – Visit of president Luis Guillermo Solís to Brazil on the occasion of the Presidential Meeting between Brazil, China, the Quartet of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), Mexico and South American countries
2015 – Visit of presidente Dilma Rousseff to San Jose on the occasion of the Third Summit of the Heads of State and Government of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States – CELAC (January 28-29) [Documents approved]
2018 – Meeting between foreign ministers Aloysio Nunes and Manuel Gozález Sanz, held on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum in São Paulo