Republic of Chile
Relations between Brazil and Chile are marked by intense and dynamic trade and business exchange. In the field of political coordination, in which the two countries aim to deepen relations, the good understanding and the adoption of common positions have been frequent both the regional and multilateral contexts.
Bilateral investments grow year after year, benefiting the economies and societies of the two countries. Brazil concentrates the largest Chilean stock of foreign investment worldwide, which have exceeded USD 28 billion. Chilean companies established in Brazil operate in areas as diversified as paper and pulp, retail and energy. Brazil, on its turn, has invested over USD 4 billion in the Chilean economy. In November 2015, both countries signed the Cooperation and Investment Facilitation Agreement (CIFA), which, when implemented, will foster the bilateral commercial and economic relations, which will also benefit from other treaties still under negotiation.
Brazil-Chile trade benefits have already been implemented by the Chile-MERCOSUR Economic Complementation Agreement (ACE Nº 35). Chile is the second largest trading partner of Brazil in South America. In 2016, the commercial exchange between the two countries amounted to US$ 6,962 billion. Among the main products of the Brazilian export products were crude petroleum oils, meat, tractors and automobiles.
In the South American context, Chile is an early partner of Brazil. The two countries share an understanding that the regional integration initiatives in course can be convergent. They also work together to promote dialogue between the Pacific Alliance and the MERCOSUR.
In addition, Brazil and Chile also share the interest to improve regional infrastructure. Among the projects in this area, a significant one is the road corridor Port Murtinho-Portos in Northern Chile. In December 2015, on the sidelines of the MERCOSUR Summit, the Presidents of Brazil, Argentina, Chile and Paraguay signed the Asuncion Declaration on Bioceanic Corridors, assigning priority to the construction of such route.
In the bilateral relationship there is still great cooperation potential in science and technology regarding operations in Antarctica and defense material.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1836 – Diplomatic relations are established on April 22
1838 – The first bilateral treaty between the two countries (Treaty on Friendship, Trade, and Navigation) is signed on September 1
1879–1883 – War of the Pacific between Chile, Peru, and Bolivia. The Chilean Army occupies Lima in 1881. Brazil remains neutral during the conflict
1884–1886 – Brazil is chosen to chair, with casting vote, the courts of arbitration handling claims from neutral countries during the War of the Pacific against Chile
1915 – Argentina, Brazil and Chile sign the ABC Pact (officially called the Non-aggression, Consultation, and Arbitration Pact), which is not ratified by the Chilean Parliament
1922 – Legations of the two countries are elevated to Embassy status
1964–1973 – Significant number of Brazilian left militants seeks asylum in Chile during the military dictatorship in Brazil
1996 – Chile joins MERCOSUR as an associate member, in June
2004 – Start of Chile’s leading participation, together with Brazil, in the operations of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
2007 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Chile. The presidents of Brazil, Chile, and Bolivia commit to inaugurate the Santos-Corumbá-Santa Cruz de la Sierra-Arica/Iquique interoceanic corridor during a trilateral meeting in La Paz (April)
2007 – Brazil, Chile, and Bolivia meet in La Paz to discuss the Santos-Arica bioceanic road corridor (December)
2009 – President Michelle Bachelet visits São Paulo on the occasion of the Business Seminar Brazil-Chile (July 30)
2010 – Brazil-Chile Bilateral Commission is established and the Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Digital Terrestrial Television is signed on the occasion of the visit of Foreign Minister Celso Amorim to Santiago (February)
2010 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Santiago to express solidarity following earthquake that struck Chile on February 27 (March)
2010 – The President of Chile, Sebastián Piñera, visits Brazil (April 9)
2010 – The First Meeting of Brazil-Chile Bilateral Commission is held in Brasília, on the occasion of the visit of the Chilean Foreign Minister Alfredo Moreno. Complementary agreements are signed in the areas of health, social development, and sports (August)
2011 – The Second Meeting of Brazil-Chile Bilateral Commission is held in Santiago, on the occasion of the visit of Foreign Minister Antonio de Aguiar Patriota. Acts are signed in the areas of digital television, culture and education (April 1)
2014 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Luiz Alberto Figueiredo Machado, visits Santiago (March)
2014 – President Dilma Rousseff visits Chile to participate in the inauguration ceremony of President Michelle Bachelet (March 10-12)
2015 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Mauro Vieira, makes an official visit to Chile, when he holds work meetings with President Michele Bachelet, Foreign Minister Heraldo Muñoz and other authorities of the Chilean government (April 17)
2015 – Visit of the Minister of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, Armando Monteiro, to Chile. Signature of the Cooperation and Investment Facilitation Agreement between Brazil and Chile (Santiago, November 23)