Kingdom of Cambodia
Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Cambodia were resumed in 1994. Political contacts are not very frequent yet, with no resident Embassy in the respective capitals. Bilateral relations are cumulatively followed by the Embassy of Brazil in Bangkok (Thailand), which also provides consular assistance to Brazilians in Cambodia.
Brazil has sought to strengthen its relationship with the countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), of which Cambodia is a member. Initiatives of bilateral cooperation in the agricultural and educational areas were widened. In 2011, an agreement that can lead to the participation of Cambodian students in the Programme of Undergraduate Student Exchange (PEC-G) was signed; Brazil and Cambodia also seek to identify possibilities of mutual support in multilateral fora. In 2012, on the occasion of the visit of the Undersecretary-General for Asia and Oceania of Itamaraty, the perspectives for expanding cooperation in food security, social programs for eradicating poverty, rural development and energy were addressed. A Framework Agreement on Technical Cooperation is under negotiation.
Brazil, India and South Africa provide cooperation in the health area to Cambodia through the IBSA Fund. The project in Cambodia, initiated in 2010 and with budget close to US$ 1 million, was concluded in 2013, with the construction of a pavilion for children with special needs in hospital run by the Ministry of Health of Cambodia. The training of professionals from the health area was also promoted.
Bilateral trade reached US$ 23.7 million in 2012 – in 2003, trade flow recorded US$ 897.4 thousand. Brazil has sought to export meat to the country, which can increase bilateral trade. Cambodian authorities have expressed interest in receiving Brazilian investments in sectors such as biofuel production, food processing, agricultural machinery, infrastructure, and hydroelectric power plants.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
2000 – Visit of Prince Norodom Ranariddh to Brazil
2012 – Visit to Cambodia of the Undersecretary-General of Itamaraty for Asia and Oceania, Ambassador Maria Edileuza Fontenele Reis. Signature of Memorandum of Understanding for the Establishment of Bilateral Consultation Mechanism
2012 – Visit of the Ministry of Environment, Mok Mareth, to Brazil
2013 – Conclusion of the construction of pavilion for children with special needs in hospital run by the Ministry of Health of Cambodia, project undertaken by the IBSA Fund