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Commonwealth of Australia

australia
 
Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Australia were established in 1945. In 1946, Australia's first diplomatic representation in Latin America was established in Rio de Janeiro. In the same year, in reciprocity, the Brazilian legation was established in Canberra. The creation of the Brazil-Australia Political Consultations mechanism in 1990 gave fresh momentum to bilateral relations, which were elevated to Strategic Partnership in 2012. Brazil and Australia have a history of cooperation and convergence on issues of the multilateral agenda, such as the G20 and the World Trade Organization - WTO ("Cairns Group").
 
The Brazil-Australia Plan of Action, which is part of the Memorandum of Understanding between Australia and Brazil for the Establishment of an Enhanced Partnership, signed in September 2010 in New York, provides for the continuation of the consultations mechanism as well as increased cooperation in all priority areas of the Brazil-Australia relationship: trade and investment; science and technology; agriculture; sanitary and phytosanitary matters; development cooperation; mining and energy (including biofuels); sports; education and training; financial services; visas; culture; legal cooperation; regional security; environment and multilateral issues.

Following the efforts to implement the Plan of Action, the Memorandum of Understanding on Technical Cooperation for the Development in Third Countries and the Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation on Major Sporting Events (which confirmed Canberra's support for the major sporting events held in Brazil – Rio 2016 Olympics and 2014 World Cup) were signed during the working visit of then-foreign minister Kevin Rudd to Brazil (Foz do Iguaçu, December 2010).

The creation of the Strategic Partnership in 2012 was an important milestone in bilateral relations, with the main objective of intensifying high-level contacts between the two countries.

In 2018, trade between Brazil and Australia totaled $1.598 billion, with imports of $1.125 billion and exports of $473 million. Some of the main Brazilian sales to Australia include coffee beans, earthmoving machinery, fruit juices, footwear and medicines in doses; while coal, crude aluminum, crude petroleum oils, bituminous coal and retort charcoal and bovine meat account for Brazil’s major imports from that country. Finally, an important component in the bilateral relations has been the growing number of young Brazilians wishing to study in Australia, estimated at nearly 27,000 in 2018.


Chronology of bilateral relations

1945 - Establishment of diplomatic relations between Brazil and Australia

1946 – Establishment of the Australian diplomatic representation in Rio de Janeiro and of the Brazilian legation in Canberra.
 
1990 – Creation of the Brazil-Australia Political Consultations mechanism
 
2008 – Foreign Minister Celso Amorim pays a working visit to Australia
 
2008 – President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and Prime Minister Kevin Rudd meet on the sidelines of a multilateral meeting in Washington
 
2009 – President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and Prime Minister Kevin Rudd meet on the sidelines of multilateral meeting
 
2010 – Signing of the Brazil-Australia Memorandum of Understanding for the Establishment of an Enhanced Partnership
 
 
 
2016 – The Governor-General of Australia, Peter Cosgrove, visits Rio de Janeiro, for the opening of the Olympic Games (August) and the Paralympic Games (September).
 
2017 – The tenth edition of the Political Consultations Meeting is held in Brasilia
 
2018 – The Australian Parliamentary delegation pays a working visit to Brazil and meets with government officials in Brasilia




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