Commonwealth of Australia
Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Australia were established in 1945. After decades in which multilateral agenda issues prevailed in the dialogue between the two countries, bilateral themes have been stimulated in recent years – especially when of the creation, in 1990, of the Brazil-Australia Political Consultations mechanism.
In the first half of the 2000s, Brazil received the visit of three Australian ministers and reported a significant increase of Australian investments in the country – which began to diversify beyond the mining sector, being also directed to agribusiness, renewable energy and retailer ventures, among others.
In 2008, three high level visits of Brazil to Australia took place, including that of the then Minister of Foreign Affairs, Celso Amorim. In that year, President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Prime Minister Kevin Rudd met at the margins of a meeting held in Washington – which would happen again on the sidelines of another multilateral meeting in 2009.
The idea of elevating Brazil-Australia relations to a new level stemmed from those meetings. In 2010, the two countries signed a memorandum of understanding to establish a "reinforced partnership”, defining goals for widening trade and investment, scientific and educational cooperation, and cooperation in favor of the development of third countries. The strengthening of ties between the Governments was followed by a greater rapprochement between universities, state authorities and companies of the two countries. In addition, an increase of investments of Brazilian companies in Australia was recorded.
In 2012, on the occasion of the first visit of an Australian Head of Government to Brazil, President Dilma Rousseff and Prime Minister Julia Gillard decided to advance bilateral relations, then elevated to the level of strategic partnership.
Chronology of bilateral relations
1945 – Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Australia are established
1990 – Brazil-Australia political consultation mechanism is created
2004 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Prime Minister Kevin Rudd meet on the sidelines of a multilateral meeting
2008 – Minister of Foreign Affairs Celso Amorim visits Australia
2008 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Prime Minister Kevin Rudd meet in the margins of a multilateral meeting in Washington
2010 – Brazil-Australia memorandum of understanding to establish reinforced partnership is signed