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Brazil and Japan maintain centennial and diversified relations: the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation, through which diplomatic relations were established, completed 120 years in 2015.

The Brazilian community in Japan is the third largest Brazilian community abroad, despite having decreased from its peak of over 300 thousand people in 2007 to just over 173 thousand today. The Japanese-descendant community ("Nikkei") in Brazil, the result of immigration started in 1908, reaches about 1.6 million - the largest Japanese population outside Japan. This human bond is the main asset of relations, enhancing dialogue and cooperation between the two countries.

Through JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency), Japan is one of the main partners of Brazil in technical cooperation projects, both in cooperation received by Brazil and in cooperation provided jointly to third countries. One of the most successful initiatives is the ProSavana (Cooperation Programme for the Agricultural Development of Tropical Savannahs in Mozambique), developed together with EMBRAPA. The Japanese-Brazilian digital TV system (ISDB-T) is the result of technology partnership between the two countries. These partnerships are indicative of the capacity for joint realization of Brazil and Japan.

In the 1960s and 1970s, Japanese companies played significant role in the advancement of Brazilian industrialization. New reciprocal impulse of rapprochement occurred in the past decade, after the exchange of high level visits – the visit of Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi to Brazil in 2004, reciprocated by the visit of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva to Japan in 2005. There is great mutual interest in strengthening economic relations between Brazil and Japan - which are, respectively, the second largest emerging economy and the second largest developed economy in the world.

In 2016, Japan ranked as the third largest trading partner of Brazil in Asia and the seventh in the world.

Japan has the sixth largest stock of foreign direct investment (FDI) in our country, in 2014, of US$ 26,8 billion. The flow of Japanese investments to our country totaled, in 2014, US$ 3,7 billion and, in 2015, US$ 2,8 billion.

Cooperation in science, technology and innovation is priority item on the bilateral agenda, with great potential still to be explored. Among the most promising areas, it can be highlighted information and communications technologies; nanotechnology; aerospace technology; robotics; new materials, among others. Partnerships between EMBRAPA and the Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS) in biotechnology, and between the Geological Survey of Brazil (CPRM), the Institute of Oceanography of the University of Sao Paulo and the Japanese Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) are successful examples of joint scientific research - which led to the realization, in 2013, of the scientific expedition "Iatá-Piuna" first manned study of the South Atlantic seabed.

In the multilateral sphere, Brazil and Japan are partners in favor of the reform of global governance, acting on G4 - along with Germany and India - in defense of the reform of the United Nations Security Council. Brazil and Japan are the countries that most often occupied a non-permanent seat in the Security Council –ten and eleven biennium respectively.

Chronology of bilateral relations

1895 – Signature of the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation

1897 – Opening of respective diplomatic representations.

1908 – Beginning of Japanese immigration to Brazil (arrival of ship Kasato Maru)

1928 – Beginning of Japanese immigration in Amazonia

1942 – Disruption of diplomatic relations

1952 – Restoration of diplomatic relations

1958 – Visit of Prince Mikasa and wife (50 years of Japanese immigration)

1958 – Opening of Usiminas

1959 –Prime-Minister Nobosuke Kishi visits Brazil

1967 – Crown Prince Akihito and Princess Michiko visit Brazil.

1970 – Signing of Basic Agreement on Technical Cooperation

1974 – Prime-Minister Kakuei Tanaka visits Brazil

1974 – Establishment of the Brazil-Japan Economic Cooperation Committee

1976 –President Ernesto Geisel visits Japan

1978 – Crown Prince Akihito and Princess Michiko visit Brazil (70 years of Japanese immigration)

1978 –Japanese-Brazilian Cooperation Program for Cerrados Agricultural Development of (PRODECER)

1982 – Prime-Minister Zenko Suzuki and Prince Naruhito visit Brazil

1984 – President João Baptista Figueiredo visits Japan

1984 – Signature of Cooperation Agreement in the field of Science and Technology

1988 – Prince Fumihito visits Brazil (80 years of Japanese immigration)

1990s -  Beginning of emigration of Brazilians to Japan

1994 – Minister of Foreign Affairs Yohei Kono visits Brazil

1995 – Centenary of the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation

1995 – Vice-President Marco Maciel visits Japan and Princess Nori visits Brazil

1996 – President Fernando Henrique Cardoso visits Japan

1996 – Prime-Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto visits Brazil.

1997 – Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko visit Brazil

1998 – Minister of Foreign Affairs Keizo Obuchi visits Brazil

1998 – Foreign Minister Luiz Felipe Lampreia visits Japan

2002 – Foreign Minister Celso Lafer visits Japan.

2004 – Foreign Minister Celso Amorim visits Japan

2004 – Establishment of Brazil-Japan Political Consultation Mechanism

2004 –Prime-Minister Junichiro Koizumi visits Brazil

2004 – Establishment of G4 (Germany, Brazil, India and Japan)

2005 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva visits Japan (May)

2005 – Signing of Joint Program for Revitalization of Economic Relations

2005 – Meeting, in Brazil, of the "Brazil-Japan Council for the XXI Century”

2006 – Adoption of digital TV standard based on the Japanese ISDB-T system

2006 – Meeting, in Tokyo, of the “Brazil-Japan Council for the XXI Century”

2006 – The number of Brazilians living in Japan exceeds 300 thousand

2007 – Meetings in São Paulo and Tokyo, of the "Group of Notable"

2007 – Acquisition of the first Embraer aircrafts by the Japan Airlines group

2008 – Exchange Year Brazil-Japan (Centenary of Japanese immigration in Brazil)

2008 –Minister-Chief of the Civil Staff, Dilma Rousseff, visits Japan (April)

2008 –Crown Prince Naruhito visits Brazil (June)

2008 –Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry, Akira Amari, visits Brazil (July)

2008 – G-8 Summit, in Hokkaido. Meeting between President Lula and PM Yasuo Fukuda (July)

2009 – First Meeting of the Joint Committee for Trade Promotion and Investment (February)

2009 – Announcement by the Japanese government of measures to support the Brazilian community in Japan (March)

2009 – Second Meeting of the Joint Committee for Trade Promotion and Investment (September)

2010 – Meeting of Brazil-Japan Political Consultations, in Tokyo (January)

2010 –Vice-Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Takashi Nagayasu, and Parliamentary Senior Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, Shuji Kira visit Brasília (January)

2010 –Former Prime-Minister Junichiro Koizumi visits Brasília (March)

2010 – Third Meeting of the METI-MDIC Joint Committee of Trade and Investment Promotion (April)

2010 –Deputy Taro Aso (Former Prime-Minister, Former Foreign Minister  and current President of the Japanese section of the Parliamentary Friendship Group Brazil-Japan visits Brasília –(May)

2010 –Minister of Labour and Employment, Carlos Lupi, and Minister of Social Security, Carlos Eduardo Gabas (signature of the Social Security Agreement) visit Japan – (July 29)

2010 – Meeting of Bilateral Political Consultations on multilateral issues (August)

2010 – Fourth Meeting of the METI-MDIC Joint Committee for Trade and Investment Promotion (November)

2010 – Third Meeting of the Joint Committee on Science, Technology and Innovation (December)

2010 – Visit to Brasília of the Vice-Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan, Osamu Fujimura, (signature of Administrative Adjustment to the Social Security Agreement – December 27)

2011 – Visit, as Special Ambassador, of Lawmaker Taro Aso (Former Prime Minister, Former Foreign Minister and current President of the Japanese section of the Parliamentary Friendship Group Brazil-Japan), on the occasion of the inauguration ceremony of President Dilma Rousseff (January 1)

2011 – Establishment of "Brazil Solidarity Movement" for the victims of the natural disasters of 11/03, coordinated by the Embassy in Tokyo and composed by leaders of the Brazilian community and Brazilian companies in Japan (March 26,)

2011 – Humanitarian donation by the Brazilian Government of US$ 500 thousand for the victims of the earthquake and the tsunami in Japan (April 4)

2011 – Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Antonio de Aguiar Patriota visits Japan (April 16)

2011 – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Japan, Takeaki Matsumoto visits Brazil (June 30), after taking part in the 41th MERCOSUR Summit in Asuncion

2011 – Fifth Meeting of the METI-MDIC Joint Committee for Trade and Investment Promotion (August 8)

2012 –Minister of National Policy, Minister for Science and Technology Policy, Minister for Space Policy and Minister for Economic and Fiscal Policy, Motohisa Furukawa, visits Brazil (April 30, 2012)

2012 – Minister of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, Fernando Pimentel visits Japan (May 29 and 30, 2012)

2012 – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Japan, Koichiro Gemba, who headed the Japanese delegation to the Rio+20 Conference, visits Brazil (June 20 and 21, 2012)

2012 – Minister of National Integration, Fernando Bezerra Coelho, visits Japan to participate in the World Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (July 3 to 6, 2012)

2012 – Minister of Finance, Guido Mantega, and Minister-President of  the Central Bank, Alexandre Tombini, visit Japan to attend the annual meetings of the IMF and of the World Bank (October 10 to 15)

2012 – Minister of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, Fernando Pimentel, visits Japan (November 6 and 7, 2012)

2012 – VI Meeting of the METI-MDIC Joint Committee for Trade and Investment Promotion (November 9)

2013 – President of JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency), Akihiko Tanaka, visits Brazil (January 7 and 8)

2013 – Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan, Toshimitsu Motegi, visits Brazil (May 1 and 2)

2013 – Vice-Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Hideki Niwa visits Brazil (June15)

2013 –Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC), Yoshitaka Shindo, visits Brazil (July 24 to 26)

2013Minister of Foreign Affairs, Fumio Kishida visits Brazil (September 2 to 5)

2013 – Minister of Environment, Izabella Teixeira, visits Japan to head the Brazilian delegation at the Minamata Convention on Mercury (October 9 to 11)

2013 – 7th Meeting of the MDIC-METI Joint Committee on Trade Promotion, Investment and Industrial Cooperation (October 25)

2013 – Minister of Planning, Budget and Management, Miriam Belchior, visits Japan to attend the Japan-Latin America and the Caribbean Business Forum (November 7 to 9)

2014 – Princess Takamado (Hisako) visits Brazil during the World Cup (June 19-20)

2014 - Establishment of the Defense, Army, Navy and Air Force Attaché to the Embassy of Japan in Brasília (July)

2014 – Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visits Brazil (July 31 - August 2)

2014 – Elevation of the bilateral relations to the status of Strategic and Global Partnership. Establishment of the annual dialogue mechanism between the Foreign Ministers (during the visit of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to Brazil, from July 31 to Augsut 2).

2014 - Eighth MDIC-METI Joint Meeting on the Promotin of Trade, Investments and Industrial Cooperation (September 11)

2014 – The President of the Superior Tribunal of Justice, Minister Francisco Falcão, visits Japan (June 22- July 2)

2015Visit of Minister Mauro Vieira to Tokyo (July 28 and 29)

2015 – Meeting of the Leaders of the G4 – Brazil, Germany, India and Japan – on the Reform of the UN Security Council (September 26)

2015Visit of the Prince and Princess Akishino to Brazil, on the occasion of the celebration of the 120th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Brazil and Japan (October 28 to November 8)

2016 –  The Ambassador of Brazil to Japan, André Aranha Corrêa do Lago, and the State Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, Yoji Muto, have signed a Memorandum between Brazil and Japan on the facilitation of the issuance of multiple-entry Visas for holders of regular passports (February 2)

2016 – Visit to Brazil of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, to attend the Rio 2016 Olympics Closing Ceremony (August 21)

2016 Official working visit of the President of the Republic, Michel Temer, to Japan (October 18 and 19)

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