As many here have already said, the international community faces today the challenge of restoring its capacity to promote peace and security in a world of many and more diversified challenges, including the scourge of terrorism.
For this to happen, two main interrelated steps are necessary.
The first one is institutional. A reform of global institutions in charge of peace and security is needed in order to improve the legitimacy and capacity of intervention of the UN Security Council by bringing in new actors.
The second one is a change in approach. The use of force should always be the last resort. As our host underscored yesterday, prevention and diplomacy must be again at the forefront of our endeavours. The multiple crises that we face today are directly associated with our lack of capacity to avoid conflicts.
For that reason, and as a country that has long underlined the interdependence between international peace and security and development, Brazil has welcomed the concept of “sustaining peace”, as it promotes an integrated approach between the three pillars of the United Nations – peace and security, sustainable development and human rights.
Our focus today lies fundamentally on funding peacekeeping and peacebuilding in existing crises. The inevitable consequence is that fewer resources are channelled to the promotion of human rights and sustainable development, key aspects in preventing the very crises we now rush to solve.
This amounts to a vicious cycle in which peace is sustained in a few areas by being rendered less sustainable in others.
By investing more in sustaining peace, the international community could be able to save some of the almost US$ 8 billion spent in UN peacekeeping operations, a tool used essentially after conflict has broken out.
It is only by such means that the international community will be able to achieve an "organized multipolarity", as suggested by Secretary-General Guterres: a multipolarity based not on confrontation and fragmentation, but on cooperation.
Thank you very much.