Since the Declaration of Cartagena de Indias in 1984, the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean have been working in coordination and solidarity in the search for durable solutions for the protection of refugees, displaced persons and stateless persons. On the occasion of the Cartagena + 30 Regional Conference, held in Brasilia in 2014, 28 countries and three territories of the region adopted the Brazil Declaration and Plan of Action (BPA), which consolidated progress made in refugee matters and drew up an agenda of actions for the following ten years.
Considering the global daring situation affecting millions of displaced persons around the world, Latin American and Caribbean countries have the opportunity to contribute with their successful experiences and cooperative efforts to the process of developing the Global Compact on Refugees, which will be adopted in 2018, as outlined in the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on September 19, 2016.
With a view to evaluating the results achieved so far by the Brazil Plan of Action and consolidating the region's contributions to this process, the Brazilian Government, in partnership with UNHCR (the United Nations Refugee Agency), held the Consultation Meeting of Latin America and the Caribbean as a Regional Contribution to the Global Compact on Refugees. The event took place at the Itamaraty Palace, in Brasília, on February 19 and 20, 2018.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, attended the meeting. Representatives from all Latin American and Caribbean countries, as well as observer countries and representatives of international organizations and civil society also participated in the event.
The holding of this Consultation Meeting was important for States to share good practices and adopt recommendations that will serve as reference points to the Global Compact on Refugees. In addition, the meeting provided an opportunity for the preliminary presentation of the progress made in implementing the BPA, which will later be consolidated in a report.
As a concrete result of the meeting, the delegations present adopted the document entitled "The 100 Points of Brasilia: Inputs from Latin America and the Caribbean to the Global Compact on Refugees".
According to UNHCR statistics, the region accounts for about 16% of the 65 million people forced to move because of conflict, war and persecution around the world. This meeting will reaffirm the solidarity-based approach of Latin America and the Caribbean region and its tradition of granting protection to persons in need of international protection.