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On 2 February, at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, Brazil signed the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization.

The Protocol was adopted at the 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan.  Its adoption expresses the successful conclusion of a 4-year negotiating process, which began at the 8th Conference of the Parties, held in Curitiba, in 2006.

Once in force, the Protocol will outline the basis for an effective international regime with regard to access and sharing of benefits derived from the use of biodiversity, as well as the traditional knowledge associated with it.  As such, it is an important step toward the conservation of biodiversity at a global level and in the fight against biopiracy, with special significance for countries such as Brazil, which boasts broad biological diversity.

The Protocol requires ratification by at least 50 countries in order to enter into force.

In signing the Nagoya Protocol on 2 February, Brazil became one of the first countries to commit to submitting the pact to its internal approval process, reaffirming its leadership within the Convention on Biological Diversity and the political pledge made at the 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention.

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