The Brazilian Government deeply regrets the beginning of the fifth year of the conflict cruelly ravaging Syria, a country to which Brazil feels deeply connected due to the presence of many of its nationals and descendants in our country. This is one of the worst humanitarian tragedies of this century, which has left more than 220 thousand dead, including more than 100 thousand civilians, many of whom women and children, besides hundreds of thousands of refugees and millions of internally displaced people.
Brazil deplores the enormous human loss and the destruction of the infrastructure and of the historical and cultural heritage of that sister country.
The Brazilian Government has consistently defended, and from its beginning, that there is no military solution to the conflict. Only a negotiated and inclusive political solution, endorsed by the United Nations, can put an end to the suffering of the Syrian people, and allow the fulfilling of their legitimate aspirations. In this sense, Brazil has emphasized the importance of a genuine dialogue, which includes the Government and the opposition, based on full respect for human rights, independence, sovereignty, unity and the territorial integrity of Syria.
The Brazilian Government unequivocally condemns any act of terrorism, systematic violations of human rights, religious intolerance and the use of force against civilian populations.
Brazil reiterates its support for the work of the United Nations Special Envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, and also of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria, headed by the Brazilian Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro. It also welcomes the progress achieved by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and by the United Nations on the dismantling of the chemical weapons program of the Syrian Government.
Since 2011, in addition to receiving a sizeable number of Syrian refugees, Brazil has also made significant donations of food, medicine and funds to alleviate the humanitarian situation in Syria and in neighbouring countries.