January 27 is designated by the United Nations General Assembly as the International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust. The date marks the liberation, in 1945, of the most infamous of the Third Reich concentration camps: Auschwitz.
By sharing this painful memory, the Brazilian government reaffirms its absolute commitment to fundamental rights, including the right to life and the freedom of religion, and its absolute repudiation of antisemitism.
Many Brazilians actively stood against the radical dehumanization carried out at Auschwitz. In addition to the Brazilian Expeditionary Force, which fought against the Third Reich in Italy, we recall the examples of Aracy Guimarães Rosa, the "Angel of Hamburg", honored in the Holocaust Museums of Jerusalem (Yad Vashem) and Washington; and of ambassador Luiz Martins de Souza Dantas, whose names are engraved on the walls of the Garden of the Righteous among the Nations, at the Holocaust Museum in Jerusalem.