The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is very pleased to learn that the Federal Senate ratified today the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The Agreement, concluded in December 2015 at the Paris Climate Conference (COP-21) and signed by Brazil on April 22, 2016, represents a milestone in the global effort to combat climate change. Brazil has actively contributed to the entry into force of the Agreement, participating from the outset of negotiations, working to build consensus and taking ambitious actions on the domestic level.
The Agreement establishes an ambitious, balanced and lasting milestone to guide the actions to combat climate change in all countries and the international support to developing countries. In strengthening the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Agreement also represents the importance of multilateralism as a legitimate tool to address one of the greatest challenges humanity faces today.
As soon as the corresponding legislative decree has been promulgated, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will prepare the ratification instrument for signature by the acting President of the Republic and prompt deposit at the headquarters of the United Nations.
Brazil's ratification reaffirms the unequivocal role and commitment of the country to combating climate change and will make a significant contribution to the entry into force of the Agreement. The Brazilian ratification represents more than twice the emissions of the 22 other countries that have so far deposited the ratification instrument.
The Paris Agreement needs to be ratified by 55 countries, covering at least 55 per cent of global emissions, in order to come into effect. Until August 11, 180 countries had signed the Paris Agreement, of which 22 deposited the ratification instrument, representing 1.08 per cent of global emissions. For the purpose of the entry into force of the Agreement, Brazil accounts for 2.48 per cent of global emissions.