The 28th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer ended today in Kigali, Rwanda. The Parties at the meeting agreed to an amendment to the Protocol which sets out the commitment of all countries to phasing out the use and production of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). HFCs are gases used in industries such as refrigeration and air conditioning, which, although not contributing to ozone depletion, cause the greenhouse effect and intensify global warming.
The ambitious commitment adopted in Kigali establishes different phase-out schedules between developed countries, which have been using HFCs for a longer time, and developing countries. Its fulfilment will prevent emissions of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, strengthen the fight against climate change and contribute to the achievement of the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change. The implementation of the commitments by developing countries will be supported by resources from the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol. This will directly benefit hundreds of Brazilian companies, which will receive financial support for their technological transition processes.
Brazil has participated actively and constructively in the negotiating process which resulted in the adoption of the HFC amendment to the Montreal Protocol. In 2015, Brazil co-chaired consultations leading to the formal beginning of negotiations. Throughout the process, the Government maintained intense dialogue with society and the private sector in particular. In Kigali, the Brazilian delegation, consisted of representatives of the Foreign Ministry and the Ministry of the Environment, supported an ambitious amendment and worked to reach consensus over common proposals which led to the final agreement.