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1. H.E. Mr. Michel Temer, President of the Federative Republic of Brazil, paid  a visit to the Republic of India on 17 October 2016 at the invitation of H.E. Mr. Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of the Republic of India. The President of Brazil was accompanied by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Jose Serra, Minister of Agriculture Mr. Blairo Maggi, Minister of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services Mr. Marcos Pereira and large official and business delegations.

2. Talks between India and Brazil were held on 17 October 2016 in Goa in a warm, cordial and friendly atmosphere. At the outset, Prime Minister Modi congratulated Brazil on the successful hosting of the Rio 2016 Olympics. President Temer congratulated Prime Minister Modi on his initiatives and achievements during the past two years. The decade long bilateral strategic partnership, which has opened a new phase for India-Brazil relations, is based on a common global vision; shared democratic values; and a commitment to foster economic growth with social inclusion for the welfare of the people of both countries.

3. The two leaders held wide-ranging discussions on bilateral, regional and multilateral issues of mutual interest and reached a broad consensus, with a common goal to work closely towards strengthening the strategic partnership and giving it a new impulse.   The discussions enabled better understanding and appreciation of each other’s concerns and perspectives and helped in forging closer understanding at the highest political level.

4. India and Brazil share a very close and multifaceted relationship at bilateral level as well as in plurilateral fora such as BRICS, BASIC, G-20, G-4, IBSA, International Solar Alliance and in the larger multilateral bodies such as the UN, WTO, UNESCO and WIPO. The leaders agreed to maintain close cooperation and coordination on global issues. 

5. The two leaders reaffirmed their commitment to increase the participation of developing countries in the decision-making bodies of multilateral institutions. They underscored the need for urgent reform of the United Nations to render it more consistent with the current geopolitical reality. They particularly emphasized that no reform of the United Nations will be complete without a reform of the Security Council, including an expansion in both the permanent and non-permanent categories of its membership, with increased participation of developing countries in both. In this context, they welcomed the creation of a Group of Friends on Security Council Reform and called upon all reform-oriented Member States to join efforts and finally bring about meaningful reform. They also emphasized that the two countries are legitimate candidates for permanent membership in an expanded Council and reiterated their support for each other's candidature.

6. They recognized the positive steps taken by the General Assembly towards a more transparent and inclusive process of selection of the next Secretary-General of the United Nations even while recognizing the need for further such steps in that direction.  They expressed confidence that Mr. António Guterres, the newly elected Secretary-General, will attach the highest priority to the strengthening of multilateralism and will assist the United Nations in the transition to a multipolar world.

7. The leaders expressed satisfaction on the progress made during the 8th BRICS Summit and agreed to work closely on the agreements reached during the Summit. Brazil commended the very able Indian chairmanship of the BRICS and expressed its appreciation for the organization of a productive summit. The two leaders also acknowledged the importance of IBSA and resolved to impart dynamism and strength to it.

8. The leaders reiterated the necessity to build a forward-looking relationship by deepening the bilateral engagement and better leveraging existing complementarities between the two countries in key areas of mutual interest, earlier identified in the Joint Commission Meeting in November, 2015, including among others energy security; agriculture and food security; health, pharmaceuticals and access to medicinal products; information technologies, cyber security, space, defence, civil aviation and infrastructure.

9. The two sides reached a common understanding to further diversify the trade basket.  They expressed satisfaction at the progress made during the 4th Meeting of the Trade Monitoring Mechanism (TMM) in Brazil on 30th September 2016, and with the 3rd Meeting of the Joint Administration Committee of the India-MERCOSUR Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA), held in Brasilia on 29th September 2016, at which parties agreed on modalities and timelines for the expansion of the Agreement in order to allow for greater trade flows and improved market access between the countries.

10. They expressed their satisfaction at the conclusion of the negotiations of an India-Brazil Investment Cooperation and Facilitation Treaty. India apprised Brazil of the liberalized FDI policies & 'Make in India' initiatives inviting more investments from Brazil. The Brazilian side, on its turn, presented the “Project Grow”, proposing new rules, improving the governance and approving some projects as national priority, which brings new opportunities for Indian investments in Brazil.   The two leaders appreciated the recommendations presented by the business Leaders. Both sides urged the private sector to make the effort to expand bilateral trade and investment and strengthen business partnerships.

11. The two leaders agreed to pursue the establishment of business friendly visa procedures based on reciprocity, in order to facilitate bilateral trade and investment.

12.  The leaders emphasized the importance of formulating a road map for co-operation in agriculture. The two sides also agreed to explore areas where there is immense potential of benefit to both countries, such as production of pulses in Brazil and Brazilian investments in the poultry sector in India. They also welcomed with satisfaction the willingness on both sides to reach an understanding on sanitary and phytosanitary measures, especially in the pork and apples markets. They acknowledged the importance of food processing and agribusiness as key areas for cooperation and agreed to undertake capacity building and joint research programmes and participate in each other’s food fairs to facilitate B-2-B interaction, flow of investment and transfer of technology. They agreed that opportunities should be explored for promoting investment cooperation in food processing, including in mega food parks and cold chain infrastructure.

13. The two sides agreed to further explore cooperation in the domain of energy. Brazil's expertise in ethanol was acknowledged. They identified potential to cooperate on research and development of renewable energies, as well as in the field of second generation biofuels. The two sides also emphasized the importance of cooperation in the oil and gas sector and agreed to pursue further cooperation in these areas.  The Indian side expressed interest in further acquisition of oil and gas assets in Brazil. 

14. India and Brazil expressed satisfaction with the ongoing cooperation in the science, technology and innovation sector.  The leaders appreciated that the Joint Commission on Science and Technology to be held in 2017 would signal continuous cooperation. The leaders considered that the fields of biotechnology and medical sciences are of mutual interest and offer great potential for joint projects. In this regard, both sides are looking forward to intensifying direct contacts between researchers and institutes.  

15. Brazil and India face common challenges in fighting both non-communicable and communicable diseases, including HIV, Hepatitis C and Tuberculosis. In this regard, both countries underscored, as a matter of priority, their commitment to advance bilateral cooperation for the joint development of drugs, diagnostic tools and medical devices at affordable prices, so as to ensure universal access to safe, effective and high quality health care, especially to their most vulnerable populations. To that effect, Brazil and India decided to join forces with a view to the development of five chemical medicines and five biological products to treat diseases, including hepatitis C, tuberculosis, cancer and HIV. Both countries also decided to intensify the successful cooperation between their regulatory agencies in order to streamline procedures related to registration and trade of pharmaceutical products and medical devices produced by both countries.

16. The leaders expressed satisfaction at the progress made in the area of space. They agreed to expand cooperation beyond data sharing for mutual benefits and training on space technology applications in various aspects.

17. India and Brazil underlined their shared commitments to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation and reaffirmed the right to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.  The Indian side conveyed its aspirations for membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).  The Brazilian side indicated that it would work with India and other participating governments of the NSG in that direction.

18. President Michel Temer expressed his condolences to the Indian Government and the families of the victims of the Uri attack, and stated that Brazil strongly condemns terrorist attacks of all forms.  

19. The two leaders recognized that terrorism continues to remain a significant threat to peace and stability in the world.  They reiterated their strong commitment to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, and stressed that there can be no justification for acts of terror on any grounds whatsoever. They called for reinvigorating multilateral action on terrorism, including through the finalization and adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism in the United Nations at the earliest.

20. The leaders welcomed the momentum generated with the ratification of the Paris Agreement by both India and Brazil, that has contributed to its entry into force on November 4th, and imparted further momentum to global efforts to combat Climate Change. Both countries emphasized that the Agreement should continue to be guided by the principles of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), especially the principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities. The two countries also remain committed to international cooperation on Climate Change as evidenced in India’s International Solar Alliance initiative and Brazil’s Biofuture Platform.

21. The leaders attached utmost importance to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and are satisfied that the Agenda is based on a holistic and integrated approach to sustainable development with a balanced emphasis on economic growth, social development and environmental protection. Both countries hope that an early operationalization of the Technology Facilitation Mechanism will utilize the power of technology for implementing the Sustainable Development Goals. In this context, they took note of the support to the Mechanism expressed by the G20 and the potential of harnessing its new innovative growth agenda to facilitate the achievement of Goals of the 2030 Agenda.

22. The two leaders welcomed the results of the Overall Review of the Implementation of the Outcomes of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS+10) and reaffirmed their commitment to build a people-centred, inclusive, and  development-oriented Information Society. In this context, they highlighted that Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) and, in particular, the Internet are indispensable tools for the achievement of the goals of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development. Both leaders also affirmed that strengthening confidence and security in the use of information and communications technologies for the development of information societies and the success of such technologies is a driver for economic and social innovation. They noted that India and Brazil have great interest in deepening the bilateral cooperation in ICT, cyber security and digital economy related matters.

23. The leaders reiterated their support for multilateral trading system and welcomed the outcomes of the Nairobi Ministerial Conference of the WTO.  They also underlined the importance of implementing the Bali and Nairobi Ministerial Decisions expeditiously and   conclusion of the Doha Round as per its mandate of development. The leaders committed to work closely for strengthening WTO, which is a transparent and inclusive system.

24. The leaders appreciated the signing of agreements in the areas of agriculture, animal husbandry and drug regulation.

25. The President of Brazil expressed his gratitude to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and to the people of India for the warm welcome and hospitality extended to him and the members of his delegation during his visit. The President extended an invitation to the Prime Minister of India to visit Brazil, which he gladly accepted.

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