Brazil-Republic of South Africa
Issues addressed by Minister Antonio de Aguiar Patriota and Foreign Minister Maite Nkoane-Mashabane during the visit to the Republic of South Africa on 23 July 2011.
The Foreign Ministers of Brazil and South Africa reaffirmed the importance of the bilateral Strategic Partnership launched in July 2010. They agreed to assign priority to cooperation on Science and Technology and on Education. Minister Nkoana-Mashabane mentioned the South African bid to host the largest radio telescope in the world, the so-called “Square Kilometer Array” (SKA). They addressed the importance of cooperation on energy (nuclear, biofuels and gas), in addition to the potential in the defense area.
Minister Patriota indicated the expectation that Brazil would count on South Africa’s successful experience in organizing the 2010 World Cup.
Trade and Investments
Brazil and South Africa agreed that greater contact between the respective business sectors is necessary. They highlighted that, in light of the lack of significant progress in multilateral trade negotiations and the thriving commercial exchange between developing countries, the full potential of interregional arrangements must be explored. They also addressed pending trade issues between the two countries, among which are trade defense measures and restrictions that affect bilateral exchanges.
Both countries identified similar challenges on industrial competitiveness with regard to their main trading partners, and decided to propose the creation of a task force to outline adequate competiveness policies.
FAO and food security
Minister Patriota thanked the decisive South African support for the election of Professor José Graziano da Silva to the position of FAO Director-General. They agreed that it is necessary to ensure food security in developing countries, in particular in vulnerable regions in Africa. They addressed the grave situation in the Horn of Africa, and reiterated the commitment of both countries to contribute to the alleviation of the current humanitarian crisis in the region.
Brazil and South Africa agreed to join efforts to increase food production in Africa.
Sudan and South Sudan
Both Ministers praised the recent independence of South Sudan and reiterated the commitment of their Government to support the development of the new nation. They also expressed their interest at carrying out cooperation with the Republic of Sudan.
Brazil and South Africa will continue to work toward the democratization of global governance institutions through the partnership developed in the UN Security Council, the financial G20, the commercial G20, and the IBSA, BRICS and BASIC groupings, among others.
They expressed their commitment to contributing to a successful negotiation on sustainable development. They highlighted the importance of the 17th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Durban, November and December 2011) and of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20, June 2012).
Libya and Syria
Brazil and South Africa vehemently condemned the human rights violations that have taken place in Libya and in Syria, and, while recognizing the particulars of each case, called for an immediate end to the violence in both countries. They underscored the central role played by the African Union in seeking a political solution to the conflict in Libya. They also agreed to maintain dialogue with the government of Syria to encourage an inclusive and lasting political agreement that reflects the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people.
Brazil and South Africa support the recognition of the Palestinian state by the international community