On June 13th Brazil will announce, in London, a US$ 20 million donation to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI), an international initiative launched in 2000 that seeks to guarantee universal access to vaccination and immunization. The Alliance has prevented more than 5 million deaths in the past 10 years.
Set in the context of global action to curb hunger and poverty, authorized by Law 12.413, the Brazilian donation will be paid in equal installments over the following 20 years, and used to finance the International Finance Facility for Immunization (IFFIm), whose attributions are to vaccinate and immunize low-income populations.
The conference of donors to GAVI will seek to provide financing immunization in least-developed countries. The goal is to facilitate access to vaccines, strengthen health systems and immunization in those countries, and introduce new immunization technologies in order to help meeting the "Millennium Goals", which aims to reduce the under-five mortality rate by two thirds by 2015.
Partners, donors, co-financiers and vaccine manufacturers will discuss the need to raise funds of approximately US$ 3.7 billion for immunization programs to be implemented by the Alliance between 2011 and 2015.
Although there has been significant progress in reducing child mortality, about 2 million children die every day from diseases which can be prevented by existing vaccines. Most deaths occur in least developed countries due to diseases like pneumonia and diarrhea, which cause about 40% of total deaths.