At the invitation of the United Nations, since 2004 Brazil has been
in charge of the military command of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) – currently led by General José Luiz Jaborandy Junior. This is the most Latin American UN mission in history, with the participation of 13 countries in the region. Brazil is the largest troop contributing country, with about 1,430 military and 10 police officers on the ground.
Since the arrival of MINUSTAH in Haiti, the country held two democratic presidential elections and overcame the critical phase of post-earthquake humanitarian emergency. In regard to security, the mission has been successful in repressing gangs that used to act freely in the capital, Port au Prince, especially in the neighborhoods of Belair, Cité Soleil and Cité Militaire.
Besides its military contribution to MINUSTAH, Brazil has sought to enhance technical and humanitarian cooperation with Haiti, aiming at the country's development. The Brazilian Military Engineering Company has participated in this effort, performing activities such as drilling wells, building bridges and dams, slope stabilization, construction and repair of roads – besides participating in civil defense missions, especially after the 2010 earthquake.
Last March, the UN laid out options for MINUSTAH to be replaced by a smaller and more specialized mission in 2016. It has already determined a reduction of the mission's military personnel from 6,270 to 5,021. The empowerment and capacity building in Haitian institutions are fundamental for the mission's reduction and eventual withdrawal to occur without major loss of the efforts already made to rebuild the country.
Brazil maintains a firm commitment to stability, security and development in Haiti.