At the Human Rights Council, Brazil has participated twice (2008 and 2012) in the Universal Periodic Review mechanism, by which all UN members are evaluated as to their human rights situation. The participation of Brazil in such mechanism is headed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Itamaraty) in coordination with the Secretariat on Human Rights (SDH), the Secretariat on Policies for the Promotion of Racial Equality (SEPPIR), and the Secretariat on Policies for Women (SPM), among others.
In 2012, Brazil received 170 recommendations in different areas, such as development and social inclusion; promotion of equality; education; food security; adequate housing; human rights defenders; memory and truth; public safety, justice, and prison systems; children and adolescents; people with disabilities; older people and indigenous peoples. Significantly, the Brazilian Government has embraced all these suggestions, except for one, which deals with the structure of Brazilian police and is not compatible with the Constitution of Brazil.
The high number of recommendations accepted reflects the commitment of the Brazilian Government to its international human rights obligations, dialoguing in a transparent and cooperative manner with international mechanisms that act independently and impartially, according to standards established multilaterally.
Through such a mechanism, the international community also recognized the positive impact produced by different recent public policies for the implementation of human rights in Brazil. Almost one third of the recommendations urged to ‘continue efforts,’ and two of them referred to ‘sharing with other countries the best practices and the progress achieved,’ especially on poverty reduction and social inclusion.